Hydroxybutyric Acid


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Hydroxybutyric Acid: 3-hydroxybutyric acid

Hydroxybutyric Acid

 

(or β-hydroxybutyric acid), CH3CH(OH)CH2COOH, an acid that exists in two optically active forms and one racemic form (melting point, 44°C). Hydroxybutyric acid is readily soluble in water, alcohol, and ether. In humans and animals, it is one of several intermediate products of oxidation of fatty acids. Negligible quantities of hydroxybutyric acid are present in the blood and urine of healthy humans. Certain metabolic disorders, such as diabetes mellitus and starvation, disrupt the normal oxidation of hydroxybutyric acid, which causes the accumulation of the acid in the body and may induce acidosis.

References in periodicals archive ?
* FDA Issues Alert about Misuse of Consumer Products Containing Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB), Gamma Butyrolactone (GBL), and 1,4 Butanediol (BD) (June 15, 1999) (Letter (PDF), Poster) (see also January 21, 1999 Talk Paper)
Gamma hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) are the two most popular club drugs in the United States.
GHB-induced delirium: A case report and review of the literature of gamma hydroxybutyric acid. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 24 (1): 179-83.
GHB (gamma hydroxybutyric acid) is also known by the street names liquid ecstasy, liquid X, scoop, soap, easy lay, fantasy and vita-G.