All interviewees were from northern provinces (e.g., Musan, Hyesan
, Chongjin, and Onsung) near the Chinese border.
Danbi grew up in Hyesan
village, in the Ryanggang Province.
For instance, Pyongsong Market in South Pyongan specializes in electrical appliances and light industrial goods, while Rason and Chongjin specialize in seafood, Hyesan
and Musan in medicinal herbs and metals, and Hamhung also in metals (Lim 2009).
Much of the increased border security has been around Hoeryong and Muson, which sit alongside the Tumen River, as well as Onsong and Hyesan
norvegicus rats were trapped in the city of Hyesan
(128[degrees]30'E, 41[degrees]30'N) during the operation of a cooperative rodent surveillance program of China and North Korea.
What happens at this place, Hyesan
, is that men and women are strip-searched when they are back inside North Korea.
Widespread food shortage in the country had forced another man to kill and eat a girl three years ago in Hyesan
The measures, carried out under the order of leader Kim Jong Il, were taken in the vicinities of the northwestern border city of Sinuiju, the northeastern border city of Hyesan
and in other border areas, the source said.
The seven left Hyesan
in Yanggang Province and walked across the frozen Yalu River and reached the Chinese side on Dec.
* China's Jilin Province also has cooperated with the Hyesan
Youth Copper Mine (containing the largest copper deposit in Asia), Manp'o Zinc and Lead Mine, and the Hoeryo'ng Gold Mine in the DPRK.
20 near the Hyesan
and Paekam areas in Yanggang Province, is showing no signs of slowing down and has spread as far as Pyongan and Kangwon provinces after affecting nearby Hamkyong and Jagang provinces,'' Yonhap quoted a source close to North Korea as saying.
For the 23-year-old school friends from the border city of Hyesan
, being sold to Chinese men - knowingly or unknowingly - was the way to make money for their families.