hylocereus undatus


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dragonfruit

dragonfruit

An interesting exotic fruit in the cactus family, that looks like big red egg with green “flames” shooting out of it. When cut open, it’s white on the inside with black spots, like kiwi seeds. The Hylocereus type is sweet, and the Stenocereus is sour, but juicier, stronger and more refreshing. The plants have the silhouette of a small palm tree, but instead of palm leaves, they look like aloe leaves. They like to climb things and they flower at night, relying on pollination from bats etc. They can flower and bear fruit up to six times a year and can grow a new plant from simply planting any piece of the plant in the ground. They do quite well in desert heat and can stand an occasional short frost. Cut open or peel off red outer waxy skin, slice and eat the inner white part, seeds and all. The seeds will not digest unless chewed or put in blender. Taste is amazingly bland compared to the flashy exterior. High in vitamin C, fiber, calcium, phosphorus. Diabetics use this as a high-fiber food source instead of rice. Used for lowering cholesterol and blood pressure, as well as removing heavy metals, toxins. Red Pitaya (Hylocereus undatus)- red outside, white inside Costa Rica Pitaya (Hylocereus costaricensis)- red outside, red inside Yellow Pitaya (Hylocereus megalanthus) yellow outside, white inside
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Based on the source type, the dragon fruit powder market can be segmented into hylocereus guatemalensis, hylocereus polyrhizus and hylocereus undatus as well as hybrid.
It is one of the tropical fruits under the cactus family, Cactaceae.The fruit types are categorised as Hylocereus undatus, which has white flesh with red skin, Hylocereus polyrhizus that has red flesh with red skin, Hylocereus costaricencis with violet red flesh and red skin and Selenicerus megalanthus that has white flesh with yellow skin.
CO2 uptake by the cultivated hemiepiphytic cactus, Hylocereus undatus. Ann.
Their botanical name is Hylocereus undatus and it is likely that these plants started life in the West Indies and right through the north of South America.
Intervenciones del PNUDy su programa PPDimpulsaron en 2002 la produccion de pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus), que, como puede verse actualmente, proporciona 21% de los ingresos (Figura 3), y aunque la asesoria tecnica no contemplaba el uso de fumigaciones con agroquimicos, los campesinos adquirieron conocimiento de su uso por cuenta propia para con ello alcanzar mejores rendimientos.
Abdul Latif, "Nutritional composition, physical properties, and sensory evaluation of cookies prepared from wheat flour and pitaya (Hylocereus undatus) peel flour blends," Cogent Food Agriculture,vol.
The red-skinned white-fleshed fruit (Hylocereus undatus) is one of the main species with commercial potential (Lima et al., 2013), along with the species Hylocereus polyrhizus, which is red-skinned and red-fleshed (Fernandes et al., 2010).
Lee-Fong, Spray drying of red (Hylocereus polyrhizus) and white (Hylocereus undatus) dragon fruit juices: physicochemical and antioxidant properties of the powder, doi: 10.1111/ijfs.12230, International Journal of Food Science and Technology.
PHENOLOGY AND THERMAL CONSTANT OF DRAGON FRUIT (Hylocereus undatus Haw.