Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.


Portion of a sporophore that bears the hymenium.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the surface of the fruiting bodies of fungi, primarily the Basidiomycetes, on which the hymenium develops; the hymenium bears the basidia with the spores. In primitive Basidiomycetes, the hymenophore is smooth (the families Thelephoraceae and Clavariaceae) or folded (the family Cantherellaceae). In more highly organized forms it is prickly (the family Hydnaceae) or tubular (the family Agaricaceae). The latter forms have significantly greater spore-forming surfaces and, therefore, larger numbers of spores.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
is a group of basidium fungi which is traditionnaly discriminated on the basis of formal resemblance, including species of wood destroyers, having sessile (or rarer extended) fruit bodies and tube (or labyrinth-like or gill-bearing) hymenophore. Many of them are parasites housing on living trees of forest-making species, or pathogens--agents of root, butt or trunk rot.
Cultivated edible mushrooms that belong to the Pleurotus genus have been principally discriminated by their morphological features such as shape, colour and size of hymenophore, length, thickness and colour of stipe, yield, and duration for maturation [4].