The virtual students had e-mail groups, hypernews
discussion, forms input via the Web, and Internet relay chat moderated by the instructor.
Pollutsim was first run in 1996 using group discussion software (HyperNews
) and involved distributed online interactions and one scheduled face-to-face meeting for debriefing the simulation.
Such courses can include instructor-directed discussions, exercises, or projects using electronic mailing list managers, Usenet newsgroups, or HyperNews
(a hybrid of the mailing list manager/newsgroup), as well as other Web-based technologies.
the instructor using e-mail; 2) hypernews
discussion in which a