Acidosis

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Related to Hyperchloremic acidosis: Lactic acidosis, hypochloremic alkalosis

acidosis

[‚as·ə′dō·səs]
(medicine)
A condition of decreased alkali reserve of the blood and other body fluids.

Acidosis

 

a change in the acid-alkaline balance of the organism as a result of insufficient removal and oxidation of organic acids (for example, beta-hydroxybutyric acid). Usually these products are rapidly removed from the body. In febrile diseases, intestinal disorders, pregnancy, starvation, and such, they are retained in the body; this is manifested in mild cases by the appearance of acetoacetic acid and acetone in the urine (so-called ketonuria). In severe cases (for example, diabetes mellitus) it may lead to coma. Treatment consists of removal of the cause of acidosis (for example, by administering insulin in case of diabetes); there is also symptomatic treatment—soda and an abundance of fluids taken internally.

References in periodicals archive ?
Uric acid indices significantly spiked by Day 20 (Pless than 0.01), whilst hyperchloremic acidosis (Day 20, Pless than 0.01), and recurrent hypernatremia (Days 11 and 20, Pless than 0.01) were the simultaneous, most conspicuous findings, suggestive of the progressive devastating pattern of the renal insult-Table 1.
The avoidance of large quantities of sodium chloride-containing fluids and use of colloid fluid to maintain a stable hemodynamic status decreases hyperchloremic acidosis during anesthesia for liver transplantation and reduces the need for sodium bicarbonate.
Common causes of metabolic acidosis include diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), lactic acidosis, and hyperchloremic acidosis due to diarrhea or renal tubular acidosis.