hypernatremia

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Related to Hypernatraemia: Hyponatraemia, Hyperkalaemia, Hypokalaemia

hypernatremia

[¦hī·pər·nə′trē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Excessive amounts of sodium in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
In cases of hypernatraemia, 33 out of 38 cases occurred within 2nd to 5th day (86.
Rapid correction of hypernatraemia may lead to central myelinosis, and it is an alternative cause of neurological deterioration.
Correction of hypernatraemia was started with a calculated rate of ORS of 15 mL per hour through nasogastric tube, and the correction of hypocalcaemia was tried with 10% calcium gluconate injection (0.
Although there have been prospective studies investigating the incidence of hypernatraemia in elderly subjects [29, 30], there are few prospective studies which have tried to determine the overall prevalence and incidence of dehydration in older people.
Hypernatraemia is not uncommon in infants, especially when they are born prematurely, because their renal functions are not optimised at birth and higher water molecules secretion in comparison to the elimination of the sodium ions, can be noticed upon analysing the sodium levels in their plasma.
Most concerns arise from the belief that bottled water contains excessive salt and can lead to hypernatraemia and dehydration in infants.
We examined the child to confirm brain death when polyuria and hypernatraemia appeared, nearly 24 hours after the first cardiac arrest.
Joshua died three days later from hypernatraemia - abnormally high levels of sodium in the blood.
Concentrations of sodium (from 30 mmol/L to 90 mmol/L) appeared to be equally safe and effective for treating acute gastroenteritis as evidenced by little to no difference in hypernatraemia or hyponatreamia across the study groups.
Hyperkalaemia and hypernatraemia were rare and were due to reversible acute renal failure and to diarrhoea, respectively.
The potential complications of sodium bicarbonate administration include volume overload, especially in patients with renal or cardiac function impairment, hypernatraemia, hypokalaemia, hypocalcaemia and alkalosis.