Hypertext Transfer Protocol


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Hypertext Transfer Protocol

[′hī·pər‚tekst ′tranz·fər ‚prōd·ə‚kȯl]
(computer science)
The communication protocol for transmitting linked documents between computers; it is the basis for the World Wide Web and follows the TCP/IP protocol for the client-server model of computing. Abbreviated HTTP.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

(protocol)
(HTTP) The client-server TCP/IP protocol used on the World-Wide Web for the exchange of HTML documents. It conventionally uses port 80.

Latest version: HTTP 1.1, defined in RFC 2068, as of May 1997.

See also Uniform Resource Locator.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

HTTP

(HyperText Transfer Protocol) The communications protocol used to connect to Web servers on the Internet or on a local network (intranet). Its primary function is to establish a connection with the server and send HTML pages back to the user's browser. It is also used to download files from the server either to the browser or to any other requesting application that uses HTTP.

Addresses of websites begin with an http:// prefix; however, Web browsers typically default to the HTTP protocol. For example, typing www.yahoo.com is the same as typing http://www.yahoo.com. In fact, only yahoo.com has to be typed in. The browser adds the rest.

HTTPS
HTTPS (HTTP Secure) is the encrypted version of HTTP (see HTTPS).

A Stateless Connection
HTTP is a "stateless" request/response system. The connection is maintained between client and server only for the immediate request, and the connection is closed. After the HTTP client establishes a TCP connection with the server and sends it a request command, the server sends back its response and closes the connection.

The first version of HTTP caused considerable overhead. Each time a graphics file on the page was requested, a new protocol connection had to be established between the browser and the server. In HTTP Version 1.1, multiple files could be downloaded with the same connection. It also improved caching and made it easier to create virtual hosts (multiple websites on the same server). See HTTP/2, HTTP header and cookie.


Web Server Fundamentals
Web browsers communicate with Web servers via the TCP/IP protocol. The browser sends HTTP requests to the server, which responds by sending back headers (messages) and files (HTML pages, image files, Java applets, etc.). See HTTP header.
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References in periodicals archive ?
So before an attack is called hypertext transfer protocol flood, the Transport Control Protocol packet which transfers http request data must have been interpreted by the web service.
Nottingham officially announced the workfollowing the recharterof the Hypertext Transfer Protocol working group by the IESG (Internet Engineering Steering Group).
API Application Programming Interface * GUI Graphical User Interface * HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol * REST Representational State Transfer * SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol * XML Extensible Markup Language
The opening letters of website addresses - http - stand for hypertext transfer protocol.
The patent provides a method and an apparatus for triggering an Internet informational query or search using a simple text message originated from a cell phone or mobile device or wireless handsets, sending short messages to external applications using a variety of Internet Protocol (IP) methods, including HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) or Short Messaging Peer-to-Peer (SMPP).
The letters http stand for Hypertext Transfer Protocol, the way Web pages am transmitted over the Interact, and www is short for World Wide Web, the Web's full name.
The spread of the Web and its associated hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) have all but eliminated the technical difficulties associated with moving computer files from one place to another.
Other encryption algorithms have been in use for years and include Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) for Internet transactions, Pretty Good Privacy (PGP), and Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol (S-HTTP).
Hypertext Transfer Protocol is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.
An example is a recent vulnerability in OpenSSL that only affected those organizations that had left the hypertext transfer protocol over secure socket layer (HTTPS) enabled as a means to manage the affected devices.

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