hypertonic

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Related to Hypertonic solution: Hypotonic solution

hypertonic

[‚hī·pər′tän·ik]
(physiology)
Excessive or above normal in tone or tension, as a muscle.
Having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution or of any other solution taken as a standard.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
For each test group the mean pain score for each stimulus modality (air blast, tactile, and hypertonic solution) was calculated by patient and by tooth at each assessment point (baseline, 6 weeks, and 10 weeks).
Hypertonic solutions are useful for patients with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) and some trauma patients (Patanwala et al., 2010; Phillips et al., 2009).
These changes are the manifestation of the epithelium and the whole intestinal wall reaction to the adverse, non-specific effect of hypertonic solution of sodium chloride.
Increased firing rate (blue trace), induced by a hypertonic solution, is associated with an increased VP/OT secretion (blue arrow).
For those who may find 2% hypertonic solution uncomfortable, they might be advised to try dilution with an equal quantity of water, and then to experiment to find the best concentration for them individually (possibly more than 2% for some).
Instead of a hypotonic fluid, an iso- or hypertonic solution might be better for routine fluid infusion.
Hypertonic solutions contain greater solute concentrations and lesser concentrations of water.
An intraruminal infusion of hypertonic solution and insertion of a balloon in the RIHS-IB treatment were carried out in order to reproduce the effects of changing salt content and ruminal distension due to feed entering the rumen.
(10.) Milenko Prorocic Treatment of heterotopic cervical pregnancy after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer by using transvaginal ecography-guided aspiration and instillation of hypertonic solution of sodium chloride.
A hypertonic solution is recommended for a nasal wash because the high salt concentration draws out congestion from mucous membranes.
But the hypertonic solution makes the urinary stream from the urethral orifices easier to see.