hypertonic

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Related to Hypertonic solution: Hypotonic solution

hypertonic

[‚hī·pər′tän·ik]
(physiology)
Excessive or above normal in tone or tension, as a muscle.
Having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution or of any other solution taken as a standard.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patient would benefit from an isotonic solution at a lower rate or a hypertonic solution until she is returned to an isotonic state.
These changes are the manifestation of the epithelium and the whole intestinal wall reaction to the adverse, non-specific effect of hypertonic solution of sodium chloride.
For those who may find 2% hypertonic solution uncomfortable, they might be advised to try dilution with an equal quantity of water, and then to experiment to find the best concentration for them individually (possibly more than 2% for some).
Instead of a hypotonic fluid, an iso- or hypertonic solution might be better for routine fluid infusion.
Hypertonic solutions contain greater solute concentrations and lesser concentrations of water.
5 L of hypertonic solution was intraruminally infused to reproduce the effects of changing salt content due to feed entering in the rumen under normal feeding conditions using a bath tub pump.
Similarly Bachmann (10) compared effectiveness of endonasal irrigation with hypertonic solution to that with sodium chloride solution in treatment of 40 patients with chronic paranasal sinus disease, which showed significant improvement in both the groups.
Aiming at study of morphological changes in organisms of the animals which consumed drinking water "Aquaminerale", tapwater with high content of ions of ferrum, magnesium, calcium and fluorine and hypertonic solution of chloride of sodium we used pieces of a kidney with the size of 10X10 mm.
Epidermis of the skin was removed by placing skin pieces in hypertonic solution.
The use of hypertonic solution such as 3% saline has the detrimental effect of increased thirst, consequently leading to increased IDWG and elevated BP (Nette et al.
Experiment 1--The effect of intraruminal infusion of hypertonic solution on dry forage intake in large-type goats during sham feeding : The eight esophageal- and ruminal-fistulated goats were split into two groups (group A: four animals; group B: four animals).
Many students are unable to state that water will move into a cell if it is placed in a hypotonic solution and out of a cell that is placed in a hypertonic solution.