Hyphaene


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Hyphaene

 

a genus of plants of the family Palmae. The trunk is branched as a rule and grows 12-15 m tall. The leaves are fan-shaped and bunched at the end of the branches. The plants are dioecious, with panicled inflorescences up to 1.2 m long. The fruit is a drupe. There are approximately 30 species distributed from tropical Africa to India. The best known is the doom palm, Hyphaene thebaica, which grows in north-eastern Africa, mainly in sandy soils of river valleys. The flesh of the fruit is edible, and the hard seeds are used to make various articles (they are similar to ivory). The wood is heavy and durable. Greenhouses of botanical gardens sometimes grow another species of doom palm, the southern African palm H. crinita, which grows to a height of 6 m.

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Climate change sensitivity of the African ivory nut palm, Hyphaene petersiana Klotzsch ex Mart.
Lipid extracts of the nut of the Turkana doum palm, Hyphaene coriacea, were obtained and the major fatty acids in the mesocarp and kernel oil extracts were determined.
No reports of the fatty acids profile in the nut of the species Hyphaene compressa or H.
Also, studying the nature of fatty acids in the lipid extracts of eengol was important not only for Turkana, but also for other tropical areas of Africa, where members of the genus Hyphaene grow, and are used for food.
Along with the African genus Hyphaene, Borassus has a distinctive pollen type (monosulcate, with sparse supratectal gemmate sculpture; Ferguson & Harley 1992) and the number of palynological studies in the region is now sufficient (Penny & Kealhofer 2005; White et al.
After the Chachi House, wander past mesquite trees, huge stands of bold red lobster claw heliconia, endangered lignum vitae trees (whose unsinkable wood is the only wood in the world sold by the pound), mass plantings of gingers of all colors, shaving brush trees and more palms, including the Hyphaene, whose fruit smells like gingerbread.