Hyphaene


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hyphaene

 

a genus of plants of the family Palmae. The trunk is branched as a rule and grows 12-15 m tall. The leaves are fan-shaped and bunched at the end of the branches. The plants are dioecious, with panicled inflorescences up to 1.2 m long. The fruit is a drupe. There are approximately 30 species distributed from tropical Africa to India. The best known is the doom palm, Hyphaene thebaica, which grows in north-eastern Africa, mainly in sandy soils of river valleys. The flesh of the fruit is edible, and the hard seeds are used to make various articles (they are similar to ivory). The wood is heavy and durable. Greenhouses of botanical gardens sometimes grow another species of doom palm, the southern African palm H. crinita, which grows to a height of 6 m.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Isotomy, which is equal apical division followed by equal growth, has been studied anatomically in three palm genera and eight species: Hyphaene Gaertn.
Antioxidant activity of hot water extract from the fruit of the Doum palm, Hyphaene the baica.
Also, in the list are Hygrophila auriculata (Indian paintbrush); Mangifera indica (Mango); Pistia stratiotes (Water lettuce); Hyphaene thebaica (Gingerbread tree); Boscia senegalensis (Senegal boscia); Ipomea asarifolia (Ginger-leaf morning glory); Cucurbita pepo (Pumpkin); African locust bean tree; Bombax costatum (Silk cotton tree) and Musa acuminate (banana).
El-Beltagi, "Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of kaff maryam (Anastatica hierochuntica) and doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica)," Grasas Aceites, vol.
The selected papers registered 18 plant species used: Ajuga iva (southern bugle), Anacardium occidentale (cashew), Cassia sophera, Chlorophytum borivilianum (safed musli), Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, Coccinia indica, Danae racemosa (poet's laurel), Dracaena arborea, Eugenia jambolana (jambul), Hyphaene the baica (doum palm),Momordica charantia (karela),Morns alba (white mulberry), Mncuna pruriens (velvet bean), Musa paradisiaca (banana), Phoenix dactylifera (date palm), Sida cordata, Tamarindus indica (tamarind) and Urtica dioica (stinging nettle).
The Effects of Utilization by People and Livestock on Hyphaene Petersiana Basketry Resources in the Palm Savana of North Central Namibia.
(5) In addition to these widely cultivated food plants, there are other plants of African origin such as the doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica) (6) and the baobab (Adansonia digitata) which have limited or disjunct geographical distribution in this region and do not appear to be cultivated in any significant way.