Hypnagogic State

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Hypnagogic State; Hypnopompic State

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The hypnagogic state is that level of light trance which is entered at the time just prior to falling asleep at night. It is also the state entered when daydreaming; a state between being fully awake and being asleep. It has been described as “an artificially induced dream state with a resemblance to hypnosis.” (Hypnotism Comes Of Age, 1948) It can be characterized by illusions of vision or sound. The hypnagogic state was first noted about 1845, by J. G. F. Baillarger (1809–1890) in France and W. Griesinger (1817–1868) in Germany. The hypnapompic state is the light trance when just emerging from sleep. Both are at the alpha level, when the brainwave activity is between 8 and 13 cycles per second.


Shepard, Leslie A: Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. New York: Avon Books, 1978
Wolfe, Bernard and Raymond Rosenthal: Hypnotism Comes Of Age. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1948
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References in periodicals archive ?
("hypnagoia logia") These poems are less invested in explicit communication than in the oddities of the hypnagogic state, in between the sleeping and waking lives.
Nathaniel Hawthorne s short story "The May-Pole of Merry Mount" is a work containing several boundaries and liminal spaces which reflect the hypnagogic state between sleep and consciousness.
Salvador Dali was a great believer in the power of the hypnagogic state and gained the majority of his inspiration from utilising it.
We all have hallucinatory impressions from time to time in the hypnagogic state - that period of drowsiness just before we fall asleep, when we may hear phantom music and voices, or see flashes of odd images.
It was a hypnagogic state, said Sara, and I can hear her voice as she says it.
Oates is very aware of this as she struggles with images and encounters, often inhabiting that hypnagogic state between nightmare and the "real" world:
Although I resisted the temptation to regard the bird as an omen, as I lay in a hypnagogic state between sleeping and waking, sensing the play of intertidal energies in my own consciousness, I seemed to hear voices in the wind.
After a reminder he needs to pass this class to graduate, he smiles sweetly, "I'm sorry, I really don't know," then he returns to the hypnagogic state.
This action explicated ought to help the reader encounter Will's "exceptional states of consciousness" in the remainder of the narration, which continue to include those in Fliess's Group II (sleep, derealization, depersonalization, and fantasy and delusion), but are joined by those in Group I (hypnosis, the hypnagogic state, the hypnopompic state, "sleepwalking," and hysterical twilight).
Patients have presented with histories of ingesting 1/2-3 teaspoons of GHB dissolved in water; ingestion is followed within 15-60 minutes by onset of one or more of the following: vomiting, drowsiness, hypnagogic state, hypotonia, and/or vertigo.