hypnotic drugs


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Related to hypnotic drugs: Sedative drugs

hypnotic drugs,

drugs that induce sleep, sometimes called soporifics. In general, hypnotics are central nervous system depressantsdepressant,
any one of various substances that diminish functional activity, usually by depressing the nervous system. Barbiturates, sedatives, alcohol, and meprobamate are all depressants. Depressants have various modes of action and effects.
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. Alcohol, laudanum (see opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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), bromide salts, and herbs such as valerian have been used as hypnotics. Barbituratesbarbiturate
, any one of a group of drugs that act as depressants on the central nervous system. High doses depress both nerve and muscle activity and inhibit oxygen consumption in the tissues. In low doses barbiturates act as sedatives, i.e.
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 and benzodiazepinesbenzodiazepine
, any of a class of drugs prescribed for their tranquilizing, antianxiety, sedative, and muscle-relaxing effects. Benzodiazepines are also prescribed for epilepsy and alcohol withdrawal.
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 are frequently prescribed hypnotics. Smaller doses of these same drugs may be used as sedativessedative,
any of a variety of drugs that relieve anxiety. Most sedatives act as mild depressants of the nervous system, lessening general nervous activity or reducing the irritability or activity of a specific organ.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Given the recent scientific evidence including our results, bright outdoor lighting may be a novel risk factor for prescribing hypnotic drugs," Min said.
Mortality hazard associated with anxiolytic and hypnotic drug use in the national population health survey.
In addition, in the final conclusion, it should be stated that for improving sleep quality, it should not suffice drug therapies because using hypnotic drugs can create endurance after a while.
The newer hypnotic drugs do not at this time have this association since they are more recently on the market or are currently in development.
However, the report identifies three growing segments, namely, smoking-cessation aids, sedative hypnotic drugs, and periodontal disease drugs.
Prescribing of hypnotic drugs such as temazepam fell by two per cent, to 1.12 million.
Last year, doctors across the country doled out millions of scripts for Ambien (zolpidem) and its relatives in the group known as hypnotic drugs. Doctors also prescribed unofficial sleep aids, including antidepressants and anti-epileptic drugs, to slumber-deprived patients.
In an interview with this newspaper, Gary Richardson, M.D., who is senior research scientist at the Sleep Research Center at Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, said that ramelteon does not produce the CNS sedation, memory impairment, or imbalance that are side effects of the other hypnotic drugs approved for insomnia, the benzodiazepines and the newer nonbenzodiazepines--a particular advantage in elderly patients.
For too many years, doctors and drugs agencies have ignored the warnings of the highly addictive properties of anti-depressant and hypnotic drugs.
Per recipient use of both anti-anxiety and hypnotic drugs was much lower than anti-depressants and anti-psychotics for all basis of eligibility groups except adults.
A chemist, duped into giving a mental patient hypnotic drugs without a prescription, has been criticised by health chiefs.
While many effective treatment options have been developed in recent years, hypnotic drugs remain the treatment of choice in primary care settings [4].