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Related to Hypochondriasis: somatization disorder


A chronic condition in which the patient is morbidly concerned with his own health and believes himself suffering from grave bodily diseases. Also known as hypochondria.



a morbid condition characterized by excessive preoccupation with one’s own health and by groundless fear for it and for life itself. Fixated preoccupation with one’s own physical sensations, anxiety about one’s health, and searching out and exposing symptoms of physical disorders are observed in neuroses and psychoses of various origins.

In psychoses, distinctive, odd, and hallucinatory sensations, most often in the internal organs, are combined with delusions of putrefaction, active delirium, and obsessive delusions. The patients’ complaints are fantastic (“this or that organ has rotted or melted,” “my insides are inhabited by some kind of little animals”) and depressive and do not correspond to the results of objective (clinical and laboratory) investigation. The mechanism of development of hypochondriasis is not sufficiently clear. According to the teaching of I. P. Pavlov on higher nervous activity, hypochondriasis may be regarded as the result of the inertness of the basic nerve processes in the cerebral cortex at the level of the analyzers of the internal environment. According to the conception of the Soviet psychiatrist V. A. Giliarov-skii, signals from the internal environment of the body in the mentally ill patient, which in a healthy person do not “break through” the higher subcortical centers, reach the cerebral cortex and are transformed into hallucinations and hypochondriacal delirium.

Treatment consists in elimination of the basic disease (neurosis or psychosis).


References in periodicals archive ?
It is also possible that the high comorbidity between hypochondriasis and depression (e.
Health anxiety, hypochondriasis, and the anxiety disorders.
9] Mood instability may be a feature of both bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder, while obsessive and compulsive behaviours transcend several traditional categories, including obsessive compulsive disorder, obsessive compulsive personality disorder, somatoform disorders such as body dysmorphic disorder and hypochondriasis, and impulse control disorders such as trichotillomania and skin picking disorder.
People who suffer from hypochondriasis are constantly anxious about their health and interpret all symptoms - no matter how minor they may be - as indication of serious illness.
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Succinctly, feigners reported more clinical disorders: hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria, psychopathic disorders, psychasthenia, paranoia, schizophrenia, hypomania, and social introversion.
As we all know, OCD has several subtypes and overlaps with a spectrum of related disorders (body dysmorphism, hypochondriasis, some eating disorders, and even impulse control disorders).
Parker found that lack of parental care and high maternal control was reported by individuals experiencing depression and nonclinical depressive symptoms (Parker, Tupling and Brown, 1979), anxiety (Parker, 1981), and hypochondriasis (Parker and Lipscombe, 1980).