may be managed with oral potassium supplements, but greater deficits require intravenous replacement.
Case reports demonstrate a range of clinical manifestations from an asymptomatic patient fortuitously diagnosed to those with more severe presentations such as rhabdomyolysis, hypertensive encephalopathy, asthenia, paralysis, heart failure, and cardiac arrhythmias such as polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation secondary to hypokalaemia
. For these reasons, it has been suggested that the public should be made aware of the potential dangers associated with liquorice consumption.
A case of maternal cardiac arrest second to profound hypokalaemia
in a patient with HG presents a unique opportunity to discuss the potential implications of this common disorder.
Other causes of hypokalaemia
(Table 1) or proximal muscle weakness must be considered (Table 2).
Rapid correction of acidemia by bicarbonate can induce hypokalaemia
and rebound metabolic alkalosis and it has been linked to worsening of tissue hypoxia.
His blood tests showed a severe hypokalaemia
(of 2.5mmol/L) and remaining tests were within normal limits.
, metabolic alkalosis, and hypernatraemia due to 'massive' sodium penicillin therapy," British Medical Journal, vol.
On the 9th day after admission, the patient was still vomiting and had a GCS of 8 (motor response 3, eye opening 3, verbal response 2), hypernatraemia (sodium level 164 mmol/L), hypokalaemia
(potassium level 3.1 mmol/L), hypomagnesaemia (magnesium level 0.51 mmol/L) and a blood glucose level of 5.3 mmol/L.
Dialysate potassium concentrations are prescribed by the consultant, with no hypokalaemia
evident from citrate administration.
The health benefits of Peach fruit include relief from hypokalaemia
, cancer, obesity, cholesterol, and blood stasis and neurodegenerative diseases.
Comparison of reflective and reflex testing for hypomagnesaemia in severe hypokalaemia
. J Clin Pathol 2009;62:816-9.
Renal and hepatic failure with electrolyte disturbances, including hypokalaemia
and hypoglycaemia, have been noted in several cases.