Congenital Heart Diseases Product Types In-Depth: Hypoplasia
, Obstructive & Septal Defects
Biallelic inactivation of the LHCGR causes Leydig cell hypoplasia
(LCH, OMIM#238320) that leads to male disorders of sexual differentiation (DSD).
Although rare but when dealing with triad of recurrent pneumonia, right lung hypoplasia
and mediastinal shift, physicians should consider possibility of Scimitar syndrome.
Finger and phalangeal abnormalities (clinodactyly, bipartite phalanges and phalangeal hypoplasia
) were noticed in four cases.
congenita is a rare disorder that can be inherited as an X-linked or autosomal recessive pattern.
The largest difference was observed in patients with albinism (-0.76 logMAR) and the least difference was observed in those with OD hypoplasia
The comparative percentage for occurrence of enamel hypoplasia
in giraffids of these Siwalik deposits is early Miocene-early middle Miocene (29%), middle Miocene (20%), late Miocene-early Pliocene (15%), early Pliocene-late Pliocene (26%) and late Pliocene-early Pleistocene (10%).
Moreover, patients were asked about recurrent aphthous stomatitis and examined to detect temporomandibular disorders according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) for Clinical and Research Applications and defects of the enamel surface of the teeth (e.g., enamel wear disorder and/or enamel hypoplasia
Funduscopic examination revealed bilateral foveal hypoplasia
and optic nerve hypoplasia
is a type of hypoplasia
characterized by imperfections in a permanent tooth caused by trauma or periapical infections of deciduous teeth and commonly irritate patients aesthetically.
However, the term foveal hypoplasia
has also been used to describe cases with expected acuity of 0.44 logMAR, absent extrusion of plexiform layers, absence of foveal pit, presence of outer segment lengthening, and presence of ONL widening .
A 5-year-old boy was consulted at the age of 7 months for hypoplasia
of his right thumb and active movement disorder.