Hypospadias

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hypospadias

[‚hī·pō′spād·ē·əs]
(medicine)
Congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens on the ventral surface of the penis or in the perineum.
Congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens into the vagina.

Hypospadias

 

a congenital underdevelopment of the urethra consisting in the absence of its lower wall, so that the urethra does not open, as usual, in the glans penis, but instead on the underside of the penis, the scrotum, or the perineum.

Hypospadias is the most commonly found anomaly in the development of the organs of the male urogenital system. It is manifested by impairment of urination and, in adults, of sexual functions. In strongly pronounced hypospadias sexual activity is made difficult and sometimes impossible because of deformation of the penis. In extreme cases of scrotal and perineal hypospadias mistakes in determining sex are common. No treatment is required in minor cases of hypospadias; in all other cases, surgery is necessary.

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References in periodicals archive ?
A novel SRD5A2 mutation with loss of function identified in Chinese patients with hypospadias.
The postnatal treatment of hypospadias is always surgical and is usually carried out at the age of 4-18 months, depending on the type of hypospadia.
A 4-month-old boy was referred to our pediatric urology clinic for evaluation and management of concomitant hypospadias, chordee, and penoscrotal transposition.
We performed a parameatal cyst excision and a duplicated urethra repair, then the hypospadias was repaired by a tubularized incised plate urethroplasty and the finally penile plication was done.
Hypospadias is the abnormal placement of the opening of the urethra on the penis.
Some cross-sectional studies have reported shorter weight-adjusted AGD in boys with cryptorchidism, and shorter AGD in boys with hypospadias (Hsieh et al.
Material and methods: Over a period of eight years, from January 1997 to December 2004, 126 hypospadias patients were treated, 90 of these patients received two-stage repairs and 36 patients received singlestage repairs.
2011) examined the grandsons of women exposed to DES and, after ruling out other environmental and genetic factors, found that the prevalence of hypospadias in sons born to DES daughters, which represented the third generation, was higher (8%, or 8/97) than in sons born to unexposed women (0/360).
On examination, he was noted to have a posterior cleft palate, microphallus with hypospadias, with both testes high in the underdeveloped scrotum.
Doctors later diagnosed Ethan has Hypospadias, a condition in which the end of the urethra (the tube in the penis that males urinate through) is not located at the tip of the penis.
Hypospadias, which affects one in every 375 boys, is the result of incomplete development in the womb.