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see thyroid glandthyroid gland,
endocrine gland, situated in the neck, that secretes hormones necessary for growth and proper metabolism. It consists of two lobes connected by a narrow segment called the isthmus. The lobes lie on either side of the trachea, the isthmus in front of it.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



decreased functioning of the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism is a mild form of myxedema. Its basic symptoms are fatigue, slowing down of physical and mental activity, somnolence, sluggishness, decreased memory, sensitivity to cold, puffiness of the face, edematous eyelids, dryness of skin, loss of hair, constipation, and lowered basal metabolism. The treatment for hypothyroidism is hormone therapy.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Condition caused by deficient secretion of the thyroid hormone.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
emphasized the high incidence of thyroiditis with hypothyreosis in patients with seronegative pSS and the role of certain serological abnormalities (antinuclear antibody (ANA) or rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity) in increased tendency to progression toward rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Two were diagnosed with epilepsy, two with sleeping disorders, one with hypothyreosis and one did not fulfil the criteria of CFS or any other diagnosis.
5 Female 51 8th month Negative Hypothyreosis 6 Male 19 6th month Negative Disappeared (side effects: itching, loss of appetite) 7 Male 29 7th month Disappeared.
The decrease of their content in the blood occurs in pancreatitis hypothyreosis, nephrosis, liver disease, hemolytic anemia and leukemia [8].
Primary disease Obs Exp sub.D] 95% CI Obs Exp Diabetes 35 28.5 1.23 0.85-1.70 37 34.6 Hypothyreosis 15 18.9 0.79 0.44-1.30 25 23.0 Asthma (b) 67 41.0 1.63 1.27-2.07 41 4.9 Cardiovascular diseases (c) 155 158 0.98 0.83-1.14 188 213 Glaucoma 11 14.9 0.74 0.37-1.31 21 20.1 Rheumatic diseases 8 16.0 0.50 0.22-0.98 13 19.2 Chronic urinary tract infection 8 4.4 1.84 0.79-3.61 7 5.0 Mental and neurologic Parkinson 6 3.3 1.80 0.66-3.91 6 4.5 Epilepsy 10 14.5 0.69 0.33-1.27 11 14.8 Psychoses 23 25.8 0.89 0.56-1.33 27 28.8 Reference houses Dump/reference ratio [SIR.sub [SIR.