The paediatric section of the 2012 Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines for treating sepsis and septic shock recommends the use of nCPAP or HFNC in the initial resuscitation of children with respiratory compromise or hypoxaemia
associated with sepsis or septic shock.
In terms of intraoperative complications, 5 (6.4%) patients had hypotension, 1 (1.3%) had hypoxaemia
, 1 (1.3%) had thrombocytopenia, and 1 (1.3%) had bradycardia.
The indications for HFNC in the guideline include use in children with moderate-to-severe respiratory distress with hypoxaemia
(peripheral oxygen saturation <90%) despite standard low-flow oxygen (provided by nasal prong or face-mask) due to common childhood respiratory illnesses such as community-acquired pneumonia, bronchiolitis, and asthma exacerbations.
General anaesthesia increases the formation of atelectasis in peripheral lung areas, thus decreasing ventilation and causing hypoxaemia
, in turn, leads to various arrhythmias and disruption of the body's acid-base balance.
Fetal cardiovascular, metabolic and endocrine responses to acute hypoxaemia
during and following maternal treatment with dexamethasone in sheep.
Multi-modality evoked potentials in hypoxaemia
. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol.
Platypnoea-orthodeoxia is an unusual phenomenon characterised by positional dyspnoea (platypnoea) and hypoxaemia
(orthodeoxia) exacerbated in the sitting position/ improved in the supine position.
In COPD patients, both hypoxaemia
and hyperoxaemia can result in adverse clinical outcomes 9, 10.
The CRP, fibrinogen, NT-proBNP, hypoxaemia
and EF were linked to increased hospital mortality in univariate analysis (Table 2).
Logan, "Prevention of hypoxaemia
during upper-gastrointestinal endoscopy by means of oxygen via nasal cannulae," The Lancet, vol.
In a patient with tropical bite or sting, unexplained tachycardia, hypotension, or hypoxaemia
in the absence of a respiratory cause would raise the suspicion of myocardial involvement.
Assessment techniques that were 'almost never' or 'never' used included calculation of lung compliance (n=75, 69%), calculation of hypoxaemia
(n=74, 69%) and assessment of patient readiness for weaning (n=63, 58%).