Hyracotherium


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Related to Hyracotherium: dawn horse
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hyracotherium

 

the most ancient representative of the fossil horse, from the Lower Eocene. It was the size of a fox and had short legs. The front legs had four toes and the rear had three. The snout was short with the eye sockets located in the front part of the skull, not shifted back as in the later horses. The molars were low, tuberculate, and simple in shape. The hyracotheriùm lived in forests and ate small plants, primarily grass and shoots. Its remains have been found in Western Europe and North America.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fossil horses from "Eohippus" (Hyracotherium) to Equus: scaling, Cope's law, and the evolution of body size.
Fossil horses from "Eohippus" (Hyracotherium) to Equus, 2: rates of dental evolution revisited.
Other animals represented at the Wyoming site, such as the "dawn horse" Hyracotherium, are smaller and more primitive than the same animals associated with European Cantius specimens, he adds.