IBM 360

IBM 360

This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

System/360

IBM's first family of computer systems introduced in 1964. It was the first time in history that a complete line of computers was announced at one time. Although considerable enhancements have been made, much of the 360 architecture is still carried over in current-day IBM mainframes. Since its inception, trillions of dollars worth of information systems have been developed for this platform.

The 360, which took four years to develop and cost USD $5 billion ($38 billion in 2015 dollars) was a risky undertaking. Thomas Watson, Jr. literally "bet his company" on the project. The 360 has been ranked as one of the major business accomplishments in American history alongside Ford's Model T and Boeing's 707. See System/370, System/390 and IBM mainframes.


System/360
The System/360 was a bold move for IBM, because it was the first time in history a family of computers was developed and introduced. (Image courtesy of The Computer History Museum, www.computerhistory.org)
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our machines were of a similar design, and were able to run software which had been designed for the IBM 360.
As he explained, "We talked our management into setting up the Information Sciences Laboratory at the time the IBM 360 was announced ..." He went on to add, "The Information Sciences Laboratory was to examine the different opportunities that existed with third-generation hardware in the area of information.
The second subgroup locks eyes and never leaves, regaling you with one story after another about the Redstone or Bomarc missile programs or the way we did it at Philco Ford or when we beta-tested the IBM 360. Usually lives alone or with aging mother.
All of this information was duly entered onto computer punch cards, which were fed into an IBM 360 mainframe computer.
Get off my lawn!" age yet, but I can remember the days when "computer" meant a Big Iron IBM 360 mainframe kept in a refrigerated room, stoked with COBOL and FORTRAN by men--yes, almost exclusively men--in lab coats.
1964 - launch of IBM 360 - the first series of compatible computers
It built on a series of prototypes in the late 1960s, first by punched hole cards and later primitive computer systems such as the IBM 360. On 3 June 1971, the Council finally called for a feasibility study and by 1972, a first version of CELEX was operational.
The following morning, the IBM 360 had computed the fabrication and printing costs that the salesman needed to quote and close the sale.
The only computers at the disposal of engineers were mainframes such as the IBM 360 Series and pocket devices like the HP-35, which let practitioners perform routine calculations, store sales data, and process inventories.
Topics include "The computing environment at Livermore Labs in the 1970s," "Lessons learned from Toy Story and A Bug's Life," "The Story of Java," "The PalmPilot Story," "Pioneers of Venture Capital," "The Origins and Impact of VisiCalc," the 40th anniversary of the IBM 360, the story of the Mars Exploration Rover Project, and lest I forget, an interview of Stanford University president John Hennessy by Bill Gates.
He and two colleagues conducted a scientifically valid survey--one with a margin of error of plus or minus 4 percent--of African-Americans by crunching numbers into an IBM 360, a mainframe computer about the size of a banquet table.
The company entered the high-tech age in 1969, leasing an IBM 360 computer system to handle inventory control at its new distribution center in Bentonville.