IBN Al- Haytham

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Haytham, IBN Al-


(better known as Alhazen). Born 965 in Basra; died circa 1039. Arab scholar and scientist.

Al-Haytham, who worked in Cairo, wrote two treatises analyzing Euclid’s Elements, in which he examined definitions, axioms, and postulates and the theory of parallels. He is also the author of works in physics (the most complete account of the optics of that time), medicine (containing information on the structure of the eye approaching modern views), and philosophy.


Istoriko-matematicheskie issledovaniia, fasc. 11. Moscow, 1958. Pages 733–82.
Rosenberger, F. Istoriia fiziki, 2nd ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937. (Translated from German.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the writing on the wall -- the literal wall text -- at the museum says the word "camera" is derived from what Ibn Al- Haytham Alhazen referred to in Arabic as Al Qumra.