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1. a drawing to scale of a horizontal section through a building taken at a given level; a view from above an object or an area in orthographic projection
2. (in perspective drawing) any of several imaginary planes perpendicular to the line of vision and between the eye and object depicted


A two-dimensional graphic representation of the design and dimensions of the project, or parts thereof, viewed in a horizontal plane from above.



a word with various meanings in Russian, including the following.

(1) In cartography, a drawing using conventional symbols that represents on a plane a part of the earth’s surface; the scale is 1:10,000 or larger.

(2) In architecture and other fields, a horizontal cross section or top view of a building or object.

(3) In descriptive geometry, a horizontal projection.

(4) A predetermined order or sequence of carrying out a program, work project, or measure—for example, an economic plan, production plan, strategic plan, or curriclum.

(5) The scheme, design, or basic features of a written or oral work or presentation—for example, a lecture plan or the plot of a play.

(6) The way in which something is viewed, constructed, or approached—a plane or level. Examples include the phrases “on the theoretical plane” and on “on two levels.”

(7) Ground, the relative position of objects in a pictorial representation—for example, foreground, middle ground, and background; the relative dimensions of objects in a pictorial representation—for example, the word appears in the Russian terms for “close-up” and “long shot” in cinematography.



in architecture. (1) A graphic representation on a definite scale of a horizontal view of a building (or one of its floors or internal areas), a group of buildings, or a populated area as a whole or in part. Depending on its purpose, the plan may show the design of walls and supports, the arrangement of furniture, the arrangement of equipment and the layout of technological processes in industrial structures, and urban green belts and transportation networks. The plan usually characterizes the shape and configuration of a structure.

(2) A representation of the arrangement of the principal parts of a building at ground level or on different levels for multistory buildings and for groups of buildings on sloping sites.


(graphic arts)
An orthographic drawing on a horizontal plane, as of an instrument, a horizontal section, or a layout.
A large-scale map or chart of a small area.


1. A two-dimensional graphic representation of the design, horizontal dimensions of a building, and location, as seen in a horizontal plane viewed from above, in contrast to a graphical representation representing a vertical plane (such as a section, 2 or an elevation, 1). See center-hall plan, city plan, cruciform plan, community plan, floor plan, four-square plan, gable-front-and-wing plan, gable-front plan, Georgian plan, ground plan, hall-and-parlor plan, hall-house plan, H-plan, linear plan, L-plan, one-room plan,


Programming LANguage Nineteen hundred.

The assembly language for ICL 1900 series computers.
References in periodicals archive ?
In response to the first point, most IFSPs continue to avoid holding equities because of the additional costs of monitoring which many can illafford.
In addition, professionals must be able to meet federal and state legislative requirements, including developing IFSPs and IEPs, accessing general education curricula, and meeting accountability standards.
Families were selected if they had been receiving services for at least 6 months and had an IFSP meeting between mid-March and mid-June.
In this study, qualitative methods were used to examine the concerns of five rural, low-income families of young children with disabilities and the content of their IFSP documents.
Procedures for initiating an IFSP are similar to those for an IEP.
Determining parents' goals leads to developing health-related goals in the IEP or IFSP.
Commerce Minister Michael Mischin, who today launched the ninth round of the IFSP, said the dollar-for-dollar industry assistance program enabled Western Australian-based small and medium-sized businesses to prepare for potential involvement in aspects of the defence market and supply chains that relate to the Australian Government's $89 billion naval build and maintenance program.
He was presiding over a meeting regarding arrangements of free of cost wheat seed distribution under IFSP, held at CM Secretariat here Wednesday.
Although not including the family as explicitly as does the IFSP, an individualized education program (IEP) for a preschooler may also include family-focused services under IDEA that address family needs such as counseling, parent counseling and training, and social work in schools.
This is usually accomplished by viewing each activity in terms of the opportunities it provides for addressing skills from the IEP or IFSP, and then selecting times for the child to leave the classroom when activities are occurring that provide the fewest number of individually relevant instructional opportunities.
Since its launch in 2011, the IFSP has resulted in $3.
Suzanne Taylor (speech therapist), Carrie Stead (physical therapist), and Margie Beasley (occupational therapist), not only devoted themselves to helping us meet Riley's IFSP (Individualized Family Service Plan) goals, but took an interest in our family as a whole.