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1. a drawing to scale of a horizontal section through a building taken at a given level; a view from above an object or an area in orthographic projection
2. (in perspective drawing) any of several imaginary planes perpendicular to the line of vision and between the eye and object depicted
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


A two-dimensional graphic representation of the design and dimensions of the project, or parts thereof, viewed in a horizontal plane from above.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a word with various meanings in Russian, including the following.

(1) In cartography, a drawing using conventional symbols that represents on a plane a part of the earth’s surface; the scale is 1:10,000 or larger.

(2) In architecture and other fields, a horizontal cross section or top view of a building or object.

(3) In descriptive geometry, a horizontal projection.

(4) A predetermined order or sequence of carrying out a program, work project, or measure—for example, an economic plan, production plan, strategic plan, or curriclum.

(5) The scheme, design, or basic features of a written or oral work or presentation—for example, a lecture plan or the plot of a play.

(6) The way in which something is viewed, constructed, or approached—a plane or level. Examples include the phrases “on the theoretical plane” and on “on two levels.”

(7) Ground, the relative position of objects in a pictorial representation—for example, foreground, middle ground, and background; the relative dimensions of objects in a pictorial representation—for example, the word appears in the Russian terms for “close-up” and “long shot” in cinematography.



in architecture. (1) A graphic representation on a definite scale of a horizontal view of a building (or one of its floors or internal areas), a group of buildings, or a populated area as a whole or in part. Depending on its purpose, the plan may show the design of walls and supports, the arrangement of furniture, the arrangement of equipment and the layout of technological processes in industrial structures, and urban green belts and transportation networks. The plan usually characterizes the shape and configuration of a structure.

(2) A representation of the arrangement of the principal parts of a building at ground level or on different levels for multistory buildings and for groups of buildings on sloping sites.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(graphic arts)
An orthographic drawing on a horizontal plane, as of an instrument, a horizontal section, or a layout.
A large-scale map or chart of a small area.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. A two-dimensional graphic representation of the design, horizontal dimensions of a building, and location, as seen in a horizontal plane viewed from above, in contrast to a graphical representation representing a vertical plane (such as a section, 2 or an elevation, 1). See center-hall plan, city plan, cruciform plan, community plan, floor plan, four-square plan, gable-front-and-wing plan, gable-front plan, Georgian plan, ground plan, hall-and-parlor plan, hall-house plan, H-plan, linear plan, L-plan, one-room plan,
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Programming LANguage Nineteen hundred.

The assembly language for ICL 1900 series computers.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to the Corporations Act 2001, there is consumer credit legislation with which IFSPs would have to comply even though their services might be described more accurately as 'equity-based' rather than 'debt-based'.
defines a contractive linear IFSP which is equivalent to the nonlinear dynamics in Eq.
* demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the breadth of issues related to moving children and families from infant and toddler services to preschool or other services, including the rationale for transition planning, transition planning relative to policy and the IFSP process, family involvement and support, and critical events and markers of the transition process
As mandated by federal legislation, planning meetings (called IEPs or IFSPs) are required in schools to coordinate services for CSHCN.
As shown in Table 4, in States where plans were required to provide any medically necessary early intervention service or even to provide all Medicaid-covered services recommended in an IFSP, programs were just as likely to fall into the low-financing category as programs in States with no plan requirements.
Talking to reporter here, he said the government has initiated the program to keep the province self-dependent in production of wheat and other crops instead of looking towards Punjab or other provinces to meet the demand, adding that under IFSP the wheat production would be enhanced to 186,000 tons over the three year.
When the study began, children in the PEELS sample were 3, 4, or 5 years of age and had an active individualized education program (IEP) or individualized family service plan (IFSP).
"An Activity-Based Approach to Early Intervention" covers: Implement ABI in multiple settings with diverse groups of young children, including kids with disabilities and those at risk; Create multiple and varied learning opportunities within young children's natural routines and interactions; Seamlessly link screening, assessment, goal development, intervention, and evaluation; Develop individualized IFSP and IEP goals; Observe children before and after intervention to determine next steps; Understand and address the challenges of establishing evidence-based practices; Work as a team with other professionals and families.
IFSP: Now let M(X) denote the set of Borel probability measures on X and [d.sub.H] the Monge-Kantorovich metric on this set (referred to as the "Hutchinson metric" in the IFS literature):
The excellent American Academy of Pediatrics "Pediatrician's Role in Development and Implementation of Individual Education Plan (IEP) and/or Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP)" in 1999 (reaffirmed in 2006) gives background about special education law and defines roles for the pediatrician in the advocacy process, but there is no discussion on a Section 504 plan specifically.