II Naosuke


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II Naosuke

 

Born Oct. 12, 1815, in the city of Hikone; died Mar. 3, 1860, in the city of Edo (present-day Tokyo). Japanese statesman.

Beginning in 1858, in his position as tairo (or first minister), Ii headed the bakufu (the military-feudal government of Japan under the shoguns). In 1858 he signed the unequal treaties, the so-called Ansei treaties, with the USA and European countries. Ii sought to strengthen the position of the bakufu amid a crisis of the feudal system and cruelly suppressed the antigovernment movement. He was murdered by samurai from the principality of Mito, who had been sent by his political opponents.

REFERENCE

Toyama Shigeki. Meidzi isin (Krushenie feodalizma v laponii). Moscow, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
Integrating the ideology of the men behind the revolution, including the code of the samurai and the philosophy of Imperial Loyalism, he describes the assassination of the shogun's regent, Ii Naosuke; the leader of the Tosa Loyalist Party, Takechi Hanpeita, and his role in the revolution and arrest, imprisonment, and self-disembowelment; and the assassination of Sakamoto Ryoma, the author of the plan for the peaceful restoration of Imperial rule.
"While still a young man, he became official painter to the daimyo of Hakone, Ii Naosuke and achieved samurai status.