I. M. Pei

(redirected from IM Pei)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
I. M. Pei
BirthplaceCanton (Guangzhou), China

Pei, I. M.

(Ieoh Ming Pei) (pā), 1917–2019, Chinese-American architect, b. Guangzhou, China. Pei immigrated to the United States in 1935 and studied at the Univ. of Pennsylvania, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Harvard, where he taught from 1945 to 1948. That year he joined Webb and Knapp, Inc.; there he designed such projects as Mile High Center in Denver (1954–59). He established his own firm in 1955. In his works, structure and environment are carefully integrated with precise geometrical design and a superb sense of craft, resulting in crisp, clear, sculptural structures. He is known for his sensuous use of such materials as marble, concrete, glass, and steel and for his soaring, light-filled interior spaces. Pei's involvement in urban planning included the Government Center, Boston (1961), and Society Hill, Philadelphia (with Edmund N. Bacon, 1964).

Among his notable later buildings are the John Hancock Tower, Boston (1973); the East Wing of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (1978); the Jacob Javits Exposition and Convention Center, New York City (1986); the 72-story Bank of China, Hong Kong (1989); the Rock-and-Roll Hall of Fame, with tower and glass pyramid, Cleveland (1995); the Miho Museum, Kyoto, Japan (1998); a new wing of the German Historical Museum, Berlin (2003); and the Museum of Islamic Art, Doha, Qatar (2008). His master plan for the LouvreLouvre
, foremost French museum of art, located in Paris. The building was a royal fortress and palace built by Philip II in the late 12th cent. In 1546 Pierre Lescot was commissioned by Francis I to erect a new building on the site of the Louvre.
..... Click the link for more information.
's expansion and renovation (1987–89) initially outraged critics, in large part because of the 70-ft (21-m) steel-framed glass-walled pyramid (1993) that formed the entrance to the museum's new underground section. The pyramid has since become a Parisian landmark. Pei won the Pritzker PrizePritzker Prize,
officially The Pritzker Architecture Prize
, award for excellence in architecture, given annually since 1979. Largely modeled on the Nobel Prize, it is the premier architectural award in the United States and is named for the family that founded the
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1983. In 1990 he retired from active management of his firm.


See P. Jodidio et al., I. M. Pei: Complete Works (2008); G. Von Boehm, Conversations with I. M. Pei: Light is the Key (2000); biography by M. Cannell (1995); biographical study by C. Wiseman (1990); studies by C. Wiseman (2001) and J. Rubalcaba (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Pei, I. M. (Ieoh Ming)

(1917–  ) architect; born in Canton, China. He emigrated to the U.S.A. (1935) and studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and with Walter Gropius at Harvard. He was director of architecture with the contracting firm Webb and Knapp (1948–55) before establishing his own New York firm (1955), later to become Pei, Cobb Freed and Partners. From the outset Pei was associated with large-scale multipurpose developments, often connected with urban revitalization; his designs include some of the principal commercial, cultural, and educational buildings of the late 20th century, including the Hancock Building (1972) and John F. Kennedy Library (1979), both in Boston; the East Building of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (1978); and the controversial glass pyramid entrance to the Louvre, Paris (1983–89); in recent years he undertook major buildings in China and Hong Kong. Pei's buildings are characterized by their carefully, often dramatically arranged masses, use of exterior landscape in interior design through thoughtful siting, and technological innovation (he pioneered, for example, all-glass curtain walls).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Designed by renowned Chinese American architect IM Pei, MIA showcases Qatar's world-class collections of Islamic art stretching over 1,400 years to the present day.
One of renowned architect IM Pei's last projects stands out to developer Robert Lee as his favourite building
"Designed by IM Pei, this building is awe-inspiring in design grandeur yet invitingly simple in its architecture.
The Dallas Centre for the Performing Arts--now the AT&T Performing Arts Centre, a tellingly corporate name change--also includes the Booker T Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts, extended and refurbished by Brad Cloepfil's Allied Works Architecture and the Morton H Meyerson Symphony Centre by IM Pei, completed in 1989.
Designed by the great Chinese American architect IM Pei, MIA showcases Qatar's world-class collections of Islamic art stretching over 1,400 years to the present day.
The programme will give Culture Pass members expert tours of the Museum of Islamic Art, designed by Chinese-American architect IM Pei, the Rem Koolhaas-designed Qatar National Library, Al Bidda Tower -- the headquarters of the Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy (SC), the Qatar Science and Technology Park building, and Al Jazeera Media Complex, among others.
The cultural and architectural showcase began with a tour of the popular Museum of Islamic Art, designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect IM Pei and concluded with an archaeological tour of the Barzan Towers.
IM Pei, the Chinese-American architect of the museum, was approached for his opinion and gave the concept his enthusiastic approval.
Designed by the famous Chinese born American architect IM Pei who is renowned for designing the controversial glass pyramid at the entrance of the Louvre museum in Paris.
"I've known the architect of the MIA building, IM Pei, since the late 1970s when he was working on the National Gallery in Washington.