Special Drawing Rights

(redirected from IMF Special Drawing Rights)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial.

Special Drawing Rights

(SDRs), type of international monetary reserve currency established (1968) by the International Monetary FundInternational Monetary Fund
(IMF), specialized agency of the United Nations, established in 1945. It was planned at the Bretton Woods Conference (1944), and its headquarters are in Washington, D.C.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (IMF). Created in response to worries concerning the limitations of gold and dollars as the sole means of settling international accounts, SDRs are designed to augment international liquidity by supplementing the standard reserve currencies. SDRs are assigned to the accounts of IMF members in proportion to their contributions to the fund. Each participating country agrees to accept them as exchangeable for reserve currencies in the settlement of international accounts. Deficit countries can use them to purchase stronger currencies, which then can be used to pay off balance-of-payments debts. As nations adopted the current system of floating exchange rates (1973), the value of SDRs began to be set relative to a "basket" of major currencies. In 1976 the IMF increased the share of the less-developed countries and moved to make SDRs the primary reserve asset of the international monetary systeminternational monetary system,
rules and procedures by which different national currencies are exchanged for each other in world trade. Such a system is necessary to define a common standard of value for the world's currencies.
..... Click the link for more information.
, supplanting gold and dollars. In 1981 the IMF reduced the basket to five currencies (the U.S. dollar, German Deutschmark, Japanese yen, French franc, and British pound). In 1999 the Deutschmark and franc were replaced by their equivalents in the euro, and in 2016 the Chinese yuan was added to the basket. All IMF accounting is done in SDRs, and commercial banks accept SDR-denominated accounts. The IMF has the exclusive right of allocating SDRs; the last such allocation was made in 2009.
References in periodicals archive ?
Japan's foreign exchange reserves consist mainly of securities and deposits denominated in foreign currencies, International Monetary Fund reserve positions, IMF special drawing rights and gold.
16 billion, IMF special drawing rights at USD 20.07 billion and gold at USD 30.
As of October 31, foreign currency reserves stood at USD 1.210 trillion, IMF reserves at USD 13.82 billion, IMF special drawing rights at USD 20.10 billion and gold at USD 32.57 billion.
11 billion, IMF special drawing rights at USD 19.88 billion and gold at USD 32.
99 billion, IMF special drawing rights at USD 19.64 billion and gold at USD 34.
Japan's foreign exchange reserves consist mainly of securities and deposits denominated in foreign currencies, IMF reserve positions, IMF special drawing rights and gold.
The drop in foreign exchange reserves, which includes convertible foreign currencies, gold, International Monetary Fund (IMF) reserves, and IMF special drawing rights, was largely attributed to valuation declines in the government's holdings of euro-dominated assets due to the depreciation of the euro against the dollar, the ministry said.
70 billion, IMF special drawing rights at USD 19.91 billion, and gold at USD 40.94 billion.
It had $1.47 billion in International Monetary Fund reserve positions, down from $1.49 billion the previous month, and $2.96 billion in IMF special drawing rights, up from $2.92 billion.