INI file


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INI file

(INItialization file) A Windows configuration file used to store settings for the operating system or application. In the days of Windows 3.x, the WIN.INI and SYSTEM.INI system files were required by the OS, and applications commonly used the INI format to store settings. Starting with Windows 95, operating system settings were moved to the Registry, and software vendors were encouaged to move their settings to the Registry as well. However, all subsequent versions of Windows continued support for the creation and use of INI files, and they are still widely used by applications.

Headers and Key-Value Pairs
INI contents are structured with headers enclosed in braces ([]) that define a section containing one or more key-value pairs (data=value). The following example are lines excerpted from the CDE.INI file created by the Windows version of this encyclopedia. The file holds user preferences such as colors, fonts, lookup history and bookmarks. See key-value pair, configuration file, WIN.INI and SYSTEM.INI.

 [CDE]
 Version=8.00.00
 ExeVersion=8.4.0.19
 PictPath=C:\194\PICTURES\
 LessonPath=C:\194\lessons\
 TextPath=C:\194\
 Pictures=1
 AltPictEna=0
 ClickPixToPrint=1
 Position=325,954,1,992,0
 ToolBar=1
 TitleColor=14215660
 TextColor=16777215
 ExternalVideo=1
 ExternalFlash=0
 AnimationWarning=1
 PixCacheOpt=0
 DisplayUpdateDialog=0
 DisplayTooSlow=1
 Splash=0

 [Fonts.Body]
 Name=Arial
 Color=0
 Height=-13
 Family=32
 CharSet=0

 [Fonts.Index]
 Name=Arial
 Color=0
 Height=-13
 Weight=700
 Italic=0
 Family=32
 CharSet=0
 
 [History]
 HCount=10
 HCurr=9
 HDate=-39632630
 Hist00=-1,dual-band headset
 Hist01=-1,cellular automata
 Hist02=-1,executable code
 Hist03=-1,infranet
 Hist04=-1,infranet
 Hist05=-1,ITXC
 Hist06=-1,IPP
 Hist07=-1,LPD
 Hist08=-1,compact tape
 Hist09=-1,ALM

 [Bookmarks]
 Quickmark1=-1,-1
 QuickMark2=-1,-1
 BCount=1
 Book00=-38,14,LUN
 BPos00=-1,SCSI adapter
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The professional version includes everything in InstallWatch Basic plus these additional features: manual mode operation, the capability to define what changes are tracked, tracking of file version information, full INI file change tracking, monitoring of any drive including network drives, adding comments to each installation, exportable registry changes, browser viewable HTML reports, and the ability to create InstallKits which are compatible with Epsilon Squared's InstallDistributor product.
A disaster-recovery feature allows a user s machine to be reconstructed, including all applications, data, registry information, INI files, and personal settings.
It fixes configuration and setup problems with Windows 3.11 and Windows 95 applications, checks and repairs INI files and Windows 95 Registry for invalid entries and recovers disk space by safely removing or archiving unused features of applications.