Essen

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Essen

(ĕs`ən), city (1994 pop. 622,380), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, on the Ruhr River. The major industrial center of the RuhrRuhr
, region, c.1,300 sq mi (3,370 sq km), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany; a principal manufacturing center of Germany. The Ruhr lies along, and north of, the Ruhr River (145 mi/233 km long), which rises in the hills of central Germany and flows generally west to the
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 district, it was the seat of the famous KruppKrupp
, family of German armament manufacturers. The family settled in Essen in the 16th cent. The core of the great Krupp industrial empire was started by Friedrich Krupp, 1787–1826, who built a small steel plant c.1810.
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 steelworks. Essen is a retail trade center, a rail junction, and a steel and electricity producer. Its diversified industrial base includes chemical, glass, textile, and precision-instrument plants. The region's last coal mine closed in 1986 and in recent years there has a move away from heavy industry into the service and technology sectors. Essen grew up around a Benedictine convent (founded in the mid-9th cent.). It was a small imperial state, ruled by the abbess of the convent, from the 13th cent. until 1802, when it passed to Prussia. The city's main industrial growth dates from the second half of the 19th cent. Essen was heavily bombed during World War II, but was rebuilt in modern style after 1945. The city has a number of large parks. There is a noteworthy cathedral (9th–14th cent.).

Essen

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land (state) of North Rhine-Westphalia. Population, 677,600 (1976). Essen, which lies between the Ruhr River, on the south, and the Rhine-Herne Canal on the north, is situated in the center of the Ruhr Coal Basin.

The city is a major industrial, trade, and financial center of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is a transportation hub with a well-developed network of railroads and highways; a river port as well as a port on the Rhine-Herne Canal, it handled 1.5 million tons of freight in 1975. The postwar years have seen a decline in the coal industry, with the number of persons employed dropping from 54,000 in 1958 to 10,300 in 1975. The metallurgical industry has also declined. The machine-building industry has expanded, especially in the areas of general, heavy, power, electrical engineering, and transportation machine building; there has also been growth in the aluminum industry.

A number of manufacturers’ associations, research centers, and research institutes, such as the Steinkohlenbergbauverein (Institute of Mining Research) and the Mining Institute, are located in Essen.

Essen

a city in W Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia: the leading administrative centre of the Ruhr; university. Pop.: 589 499 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Una vez determinados los factores que constituyen al ISST, se hizo un analisis de los diferentes aspectos que evaluan los reactivos de que consta cada factor.
Active management is measured with the three trading measures, Industry-Adjusted Stock Selection Trading (ISST), Industry Timing (IT), and Characteristic Trading (CT).
Para el test-retest se utilizaron los resultados obtenidos por estudiantes a los que se administro colectivamente el ISST en el aula.
An Integrated Social Skills Training protocol (ISST; Cheung & Tsang, under review) may be developed which consists of WSST (Tsang & Pearson, 2001) followed by the JSST module.
The independent variable was Internet sexual addiction as exhibited by the three participant groups: online sexually addicted, at-risk, and nonaddicted MSM (as delineated by the ISST).
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This prepares students to pass the Information Seeking Skills Test (ISST), which is a requirement for completing Cluster One of General Education and a prerequisite for enrolling for the following fall semester.
Was isst Aufklarung?, 1997, is a construction of wire, dental floss, and tooth-picks that spells out its title across the gallery wall.
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Wie du lebst, wie deine Eltern sind, was du isst, was 17 du an Kleidungsstucken tragst, warum du den Film American Beatuy magst.
In addition, students are required to pass an Information Seeking Skills Test (ISST) before the end of the freshman year.