ITU


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ITU

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ITU

(International Telecommunication Union, Geneva, Switzerland, www.itu.ch) A telecommunications standards body that is under the auspices of the United Nations. Comprising more than 185 member countries, the ITU sets standards for global telecom networks. The ITU's Telecommunications division (ITU-T) produces more than 200 standards recommendations each year in the converging areas of telecommunications, information technology, consumer electronics, broadcasting and multimedia communications. In 1992, the ITU was streamlined into the following three sectors:

ITU-D (Telecommunication Development)
ITU-R (Radiocommunication)
ITU-T (Telecommunication Standardization)

A Lot of History: CCIT, CCIF, CCIR and CCITT
The International Telegraph Union was founded in 1865 to promote the electric telegraph, which was invented in 1837. During the next 55 years, the telegraph flourished, and telephone and radio were pioneered. In the 1920s, three "Consultative Committees" were created: CCIT in 1924 for International Telegraph; CCIF in 1925 for International Telephone, and CCIR in 1927 for International Radio. In 1932, the word Telegraph was changed to Telecommunication in the ITU name.

In 1956, CCIF and CCIT combined into CCITT (International Telephony and Telegraphy), which subsequenlty became ITU-T in 1992. CCIR and the International Frequency Registration Board (IFRB) were turned into ITU-R, and the Telecommunications Development Bureau became ITU-D.
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References in periodicals archive ?
He added that the main purpose of ITU, driven by a culture of research and entrepreneurship, was to advance innovation and research in the areas ofscience, technology and engineering.
He said one of the strategic objectives of ITU's standardisation sector (ITU-T) was to address the disparities in the ability of developing countries, relative to developed ones, to access, implement and influence ITU's international standards.
The VC said that 90 percent students of the ITU remained successful in getting jobs in Pakistan and abroad as well.
The meeting lauded all the measures taken by the ITU administration to promote skilled education in the field of computer science and engineering.
At ITU seminars, TianTian, a senior engineer of ZTE Corporation introduced ZTE's long-term achievements in the APT detection and analysis field.
"The ITU can propose solutions, but can not enforce to do something," the director said.
" "Just imagine the intensity of blow that ITU's international reputation would take when people would learn about how the government has appointed a non-technical person to manage it.
In addition to aforementioned, for the first time in the history of ITU's Plenipotentiary Conferences, ITU Member States elected more women than men to Committee Chairs (four out of seven).
Meanwhile, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been elected for the fourth consecutive time for the ITU Council membership, representing the Asia and Australia region, indicated by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) as Area (E), which has 13 seats in the council, as the UAE received 164 votes.
Regarding AI, he said that the Arab region would like ITU to take a role and put some kind of definition for it in the ITU's glossary.