Iannis Ritsos

Ritsos, Iannis

 

Born May 1, 1909, in Monemvasia. Greek poet.

Ritsos’ works began appearing in the communist press in the early 1930’s; they included poems dedicated to K. Marx, the USSR, and the struggling proletariat of other countries. His collections Tractors (1934) and Pyramids (1935) created the figure of the modern revolutionary. While Greece was ruled by the fascists (1936–41), Ritsos published the narrative poems A Song for My Sister (1937), praised by K. Palamas, and The Spring Symphony (1938).

Over the years, Ritsos’ poetic language became more complex. During the fascist occupation he published the collection An Old Mazurka to the Rhythm of the Rain (1942). A participant in the resistance movement, he created images of men fighting courageously for the country’s liberation; examples are found in the collection The Vigil (1954). Ritsos’ poetry is inspired by faith in socialist ideals. The collection Testimony (1967) is distinguished by profound philosophic lyricism.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Moscow, 1959.
Izbrannaia lirika. [Moscow] 1968.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
Se lo compara por eso a poetas que, sin hiperbole, pertenecen a su pueblo, como Jose Marti, Pablo Neruda, Iannis Ritsos o Gaston Miron.
Aunque es imposible glosar cada una de las entrevistas para mostrar el valor y la sabiduria de Sabato, la devocion de Gaston Baquero por Lezama Lima, el horror de Mempo Giardinelli por el uso que de la literatura policiaca se hizo en Mexico, la bonhomia de Iannis Ritsos y hasta los puntos de vista antagonicos de dos escritores (mientras para Gaston Baquero el mar es algo horrible, para Enrique Molina es maravilloso), podemos senalar una certeza: Literatura en voz alta es un libro, principalmente, para escritores; y lo preparo un poeta que pregunta asi: "Al terminar de leer su vasta obra da la impresion de que usted, como Walt Whitman, Pablo Neruda y Odisseas Elytis, se preparo para la felicidad.
Sabines es de los poetas como Jose Marti, Pablo Neruda o Iannis Ritsos, que pertenecen no solo a la minoria de los otros poetas, de criticos y profesores universitarios, sino a un pueblo.