Iasnaia Poliana

Iasnaia Poliana

 

the State Estate-Museum of L. N. Tolstoy in Shchekino Raion, Tula Oblast, RSFSR, 14 km from Tula. Opened in 1921, the museum complex includes the house-museum, the wing that housed a school for peasant children and the editorial office of the magazine lasnaia Poliana, outbuildings, the surrounding woods, a park, and Tolstoy’s grave in what is known as Staryi Zakaz, 500 m from the house.

Tolstoy was born at lasnaia Poliana and spent a total of 60 years there. It was here that he created War and Peace, Anna Karenina, The Power of Darkness, The Fruits of Enlightenment, The Living Corpse, and many other works. Even during his lifetime it was a unique center of Russian and world culture, visited by many writers, artists, actors, and musicians. Tolstoy said, “Without my lasnaia Poliana it is difficult for me to imagine Russia and my relationship toward her” (Poln. sobr. soch., vol. 5, 1931, p. 262).

The house-museum contains the original furniture, Tolstoy’s library, with 22,000 volumes, Tolstoy’s personal belongings, and portraits of the writer and those close to him. The wing houses a literary exhibit. During the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), lasnaia Poliana was seized by the fascist occupiers, who inflicted extensive damage to it. By May 1942, the estate was restored and opened to the public; in 1945 all the valuables, which had been evacuated, were returned.

The museum was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1978.

REFERENCES

Puzin, N. Dom-muzei L. N. Tolstogo v Iasnoi Poliane, 9th ed. [Moscow, 1971.]
Ksenofontov, A. lasnaia Poliana segodnia. Tula, 1971.

Iasnaia Poliana

 

a pedagogical journal published and edited by L. N. Tolstoy in 1862. A total of 12 issues were published. The journal was devoted to elucidating the teaching experiences of the lasnaia Poliana School and other public schools. It published many pedagogical articles by Tolstoy, including “On Public Education” and “On Methods of Teaching Reading and Writing,” which discussed ways of disseminating knowledge among the masses and theoretical problems of pedagogy. The lasnaia Poliana Notebooks, published under the auspices of the journal, printed short stories, novellas, fairytales, riddles, and works by pupils of the lasnaia Poliana School for the general public.

REFERENCES

“lasnaia Poliana”; Shkola: Zhurnal pedagogicheskii, izdavaemyi gr. L. N. Tolstym, nos. 1–12. Moscow, 1862.
Chernyshevskii, N. G. Poln. sobr. soch. v. 15-ti tomakh, vol. 10: Stat’i i retsenzii, 1862–89. Moscow, 1951. Pages 503–17.
Veikshan, V. A. “Pedagogicheskii zhurnal L. N. Tolstogo ‘lasnaia Poliana’.” Sovetskaia pedagogika, 1962, no. 3.
Sovetskaia pedagogika, 1978, no. 9.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gide et Tolstoi: Autour de la lecture du Retour de l'Enfant prodigue a Iasnaia Poliana.
His account is chronological, beginning before the revolution and progressing through the civil war, the estate Iasnaia Poliana, commune and community, the Tolstoy Jubilee Celebration and jubilee edition of Tolstoy's works, and leaving the Soviet Union.
54) Iasnaia Poliana had no inn for pilgrims, but no one was hindered from spending the night there.
It was possible to travel to Iasnaia Poliana without being suspected of harboring reactionary sympathies and supporting the regime.
81) Others, however, were extremely critical of their reception at Iasnaia Poliana.
89) In 1936, Abbot Ioann (Shakhovskoi) called Tolstoi a starets in the same breath that he asserted that the philosopher of Iasnaia Poliana had been under the influence of the powers of darkness.
Iasnaia Poliana puteshestvie s L'vom Tolstym (Nikitina N.
Guderian, reading War and Peace at Tolstoi's desk in Iasnaia Poliana, rejects a great deal of the Russian author's views as those of the amateur.
No podia repetirse el ridiculo peregrinaje del conde Tolstoi tras una falsa muerte piadosa en Iasnaia Poliana.
This collection of photos and diary entries gives an impression of some of the distinguished guests who came to Iasnaia Poliana, as well as giving a glimpse of the local peasantry and into the family's private life.
Tolstoy and Soloviev had their first meeting at Iasnaia Poliana in 1875.
A collection of materials from the Fifth International Academic conference "Lev Tolstoy and World Literature" which took place at Iasnaia Poliana in August of 2007.