The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Iaz-Tepe or Yaz-Depe), the remains of a settlement dating from the ninth to fourth centuries B.C., located 34 km northwest of the city of Bairam-Ali, in the Turkmen SSR. Excavations were conducted by the Southern Turkmen Expedition from 1954 to 1956.

Iaz-Depe consisted of a citadel, which stood on a mud-brick platform (ninth to sixth centuries B.C.) and rose to a height of about 12 m, and a settlement, which occupied an area of approximately 16 hectares. Researchers unearthed bronze and iron articles, arrowheads, stone missiles for slings, and pottery; the early pottery was hand-modeled, but beginning in the middle of the first millennium B.C., it was wheel-made. Iaz-Depe was an early center of slaveholding Margiana, inhabited by farmers and artisans (seeMARGIANA).


Masson, M. V. “Drevnezemlede’cheskaia kul’tura Margiany.” In Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 73. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.