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Ibadan(ēbä`dän, ēbädäN`), city (1991 est. pop. 1,263,000), SW Nigeria. The second largest city in Nigeria, it is a major commercial center. Manufactures include metal products, furniture, soap, and handicrafts. It is also an important market for cacao, which, along with cotton, is produced in the region. Ibadan was founded in the 1830s as a military camp during the YorubaYoruba
, people of SW Nigeria and Benin, numbering about 20 million. Today many of the large cities in Nigeria (including Lagos, Ibadan, and Abeokuta) are in Yorubaland.
..... Click the link for more information. civil wars and developed into the most powerful Yoruba city-state. In 1840, Ibadan forces defeated FulaniFulani
, people of W Africa, numbering approximately 14 million. They are of mixed sub-Saharan African and Berber origin. First recorded as living in the Senegambia region, they are now scattered throughout the area of the Sudan from Senegal to Cameroon.
..... Click the link for more information. invaders from the north at the battle of OshogboOshogbo
, city (1991 est. pop. 421,000), SW Nigeria, on the Oshun River. Primarily a farming and commercial city, it has cotton gins, a steel-rolling mill, a traditional textiles industry, and cigarette and food-processing factories.
..... Click the link for more information. , thus protecting S Yorubaland from attack. The city came under British protection in 1893, and was the capital of Nigeria's former Western Region. It contains some mosques and is the site of the Univ. of Ibadan (1962). The city also has numerous parks as well as botanical and zoological gardens.
a city in southwestern Nigeria; administrative center of the Western Region. Population, 745,800 (1970). The city is a railroad and highway junction. There is commerce in cacao beans. Ibadan is the site of a tobacco factory, a fruit-canning plant, and auto-repair and woodworking shops. Its manufactures also include plastic and rubber products. There are cottage industries. A university is located in Ibadan.