Iberian Peninsula

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Related to Iberian Peninsula: Scandinavian Peninsula, Caucasus

Iberian Peninsula,

c.230,400 sq mi (596,740 sq km), SW Europe, separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees. Comprising SpainSpain,
Span. España , officially Kingdom of Spain, constitutional monarchy (2015 est. pop. 46,398,000), 194,884 sq mi (504,750 sq km), including the Balearic and Canary islands, SW Europe.
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 and PortugalPortugal
, officially Portuguese Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 10,418,000), 35,553 sq mi (92,082 sq km), SW Europe, on the western side of the Iberian Peninsula and including the Madeira Islands and the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean.
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, it is washed on the N and W by the Atlantic Ocean and on the S and E by the Mediterranean Sea; the Strait of Gibraltar separates it from Africa. The Iberian Peninsula is dominated by the Meseta (central plateau), a great uplifted fault block (average elevation 2,000 ft/610 m) ringed and crossed by mountain ranges. It covers about two thirds of the peninsula. Coastal lowlands, the site of the major industrial cities, surround the primarily agrarian-oriented Meseta. Climatically, the Iberian Peninsula has hot summers, cold winters, and limited precipitation. Five major rivers drain the peninsula.

Iberian Peninsula


a peninsula in Southwest Europe. With an area of 582,000 sq km, it is the second largest peninsula in Europe after the Scandinavian Peninsula.

The Iberian Peninsula is washed in the north by the Bay of Biscay, in the west and southwest by the Atlantic Ocean, and in the northeast, east, and southeast by the Mediterranean Sea; in the south it is separated from Africa by the Strait of Gibraltar. The peninsula is mountainous, its outline is simple, and its coastline relatively smooth. Only in the northwest are there deeply indented ria-type coasts. The land surface is occupied chiefly by the Meseta and Galician plateaus and by linearly extending mountain ranges: the Pyrenees, the Cantabrian, Catalonian, and Iberian ranges, and the Andalusian Mountains. The highest point is Mount Mulacén in the Sierra Nevada range (3,478 m). There are small lowland areas along the peninsula’s boundaries.

The climate of the Iberian Peninsula is primarily Mediterranean. In the peninsula’s continental regions it is arid, while in the western regions it is more humid and closer to an oceanic climate. The chief rivers are the Tagus, Guadiana, Douro, Ebro, and Guadalquivir. Vegetation is primarily scrub of the maquis and garigue types. The Iberian Peninsula is occupied by Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and the British crown colony of Gibraltar.

Iberian Peninsula

a peninsula of SW Europe, occupied by Spain and Portugal
References in periodicals archive ?
The present paper represents one of the few studies on autecology of invasive bleak in the Iberian Peninsula (see other two examples in Vinyoles et al.
In this sense, the cultural influence of Italian humanism on the Iberian Peninsula led to a new literary geography that charted the styles and themes of the ancients and mapped out a modern approach to writing.
European rabbit population trends and associated factors: a review of the situation in the Iberian Peninsula.
The end of the Last Glacial Maximum in the Iberian Peninsula characterized by the small mammal assemblages.
The arrangement of manuscripts in the catalog is convenient--first by system of notation within the Iberian Peninsula (e.
A recently released production from Putumayo World Music, "Espana" (Spain) brings us a taste of the contemporary sounds that are permeating most of the Iberian Peninsula these days.
At the end of the last millennium, the two Spanish artists Bleda y Rosa travelled the Iberian Peninsula, photographing the vestiges of former major cities for their Ciudades series.
Lost Civilization: The Contested Islamic Past in Spain and Portugal" is a look at the Al-Andalus, an Islamic culture that called the Iberian peninsula its home throughout the tenth and eleventh centuries.
And he particularly refers to the Iberian peninsula having more than 1m of them.
Sephardic Jews, who were probably in the Iberian Peninsula since Roman times, were all supposed to have fled the region in the wake of pogroms and persecutions between the early eighth and 14th centuries.
One of the regions in Europe where precipitation exhibits a more heterogeneous behaviour is the Iberian Peninsula (IP).
Summary: National Oil Company Sonatrach and Portuguese Company Energias (EDP) signed Monday a memorandum of understanding for expanding their partnership outside the Iberian Peninsula and bringing it to Latin America.