Iberian Peninsula

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Related to Iberian Peninsula: Scandinavian Peninsula, Caucasus

Iberian Peninsula,

c.230,400 sq mi (596,740 sq km), SW Europe, separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees. Comprising SpainSpain,
Span. España , officially Kingdom of Spain, constitutional monarchy (2015 est. pop. 46,398,000), 194,884 sq mi (504,750 sq km), including the Balearic and Canary islands, SW Europe.
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 and PortugalPortugal
, officially Portuguese Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 10,418,000), 35,553 sq mi (92,082 sq km), SW Europe, on the western side of the Iberian Peninsula and including the Madeira Islands and the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean.
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, it is washed on the N and W by the Atlantic Ocean and on the S and E by the Mediterranean Sea; the Strait of Gibraltar separates it from Africa. The Iberian Peninsula is dominated by the Meseta (central plateau), a great uplifted fault block (average elevation 2,000 ft/610 m) ringed and crossed by mountain ranges. It covers about two thirds of the peninsula. Coastal lowlands, the site of the major industrial cities, surround the primarily agrarian-oriented Meseta. Climatically, the Iberian Peninsula has hot summers, cold winters, and limited precipitation. Five major rivers drain the peninsula.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Iberian Peninsula


a peninsula in Southwest Europe. With an area of 582,000 sq km, it is the second largest peninsula in Europe after the Scandinavian Peninsula.

The Iberian Peninsula is washed in the north by the Bay of Biscay, in the west and southwest by the Atlantic Ocean, and in the northeast, east, and southeast by the Mediterranean Sea; in the south it is separated from Africa by the Strait of Gibraltar. The peninsula is mountainous, its outline is simple, and its coastline relatively smooth. Only in the northwest are there deeply indented ria-type coasts. The land surface is occupied chiefly by the Meseta and Galician plateaus and by linearly extending mountain ranges: the Pyrenees, the Cantabrian, Catalonian, and Iberian ranges, and the Andalusian Mountains. The highest point is Mount Mulacén in the Sierra Nevada range (3,478 m). There are small lowland areas along the peninsula’s boundaries.

The climate of the Iberian Peninsula is primarily Mediterranean. In the peninsula’s continental regions it is arid, while in the western regions it is more humid and closer to an oceanic climate. The chief rivers are the Tagus, Guadiana, Douro, Ebro, and Guadalquivir. Vegetation is primarily scrub of the maquis and garigue types. The Iberian Peninsula is occupied by Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and the British crown colony of Gibraltar.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Iberian Peninsula

a peninsula of SW Europe, occupied by Spain and Portugal
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The ability of this invasive fish to overcome changes in local conditions has been also shown elsewhere in the Iberian Peninsula by Almeida et al.
In the Iberian Peninsula it has been recorded in several, widely scattered localities (e.g.
The crown of Aragon's control of Sicily, Naples and Sardinia linked the Iberian Peninsula to continental Europe, encouraging not only a Catholic state but also a humanistic one.
Urgent management actions, designed within an Iberian rabbit conservation strategy that relies on a multidisciplinary framework, are needed to ensure the conservation of this keystone member of the Iberian Peninsula ecosystem and that of rabbit-reliant predators.
(2014): Villafranchian large mammals from the Iberian Peninsula: paleobiogeography, paleoecology and dispersal events.
Romans dominated the Mediterranean during a long period of time as well as the Iberian Peninsula, incorporating it into its empire; so their language, Latin, was imposed as the language in the region as they did it in Italy, Romania and France, and others at the same time.
Al-Eundalus reached its maximum expansion in the tenth century, when it covered three quarters of the Iberian Peninsula. After the fall of Granada, Spanish rulers tried to wipe out the marks of Moorish Iberia.
In four chapters and a conclusion, Maryks deals with the "Historical Context of Purity-of-Blood Discrimination (1391-1547)," "Early Jesuit Pro-converso Policy (1540-72)," "Discrimination against Jesuits of Jewish Lineage (1573-93)," and "Jesuit Opposition to the Purity of Blood Discrimination (1576-1608)." In the conclusion, the author notes that "blood," in another sense, played a role in Iberian history, for genetic studies indicate a high level of Sephardic Jewish ancestry among people of the Iberian Peninsula. From the end of the fifteenth century to the beginning of the sixteenth century, about 240,000 Jews elected to remain in Iberia and become Christians.
25 May 2010 - Portuguese lenders Millennium BCP (ELI:BCP), Banco Espirito Santo (ELI:BES) and Banco BPI (ELI:BPI) saw their stock price targets slashed by Macquarie Research on lower outlook for the net interest income of the sector in the Iberian Peninsula.
Nuter now operates 12 plants in the Iberian Peninsula. Together they have a combined production capacity of over 1 million tonnes of feed per year.
Which is the largest country on the Iberian peninsula? 3.
As improbable as that scenario might sound, it only scratches the surface of the profound and radical changes the Spanish kingdoms experienced as the revered Hispanic Rite gave way to the newer Franco-Roman Rite that was propagated "top-down" from the Roman papacy through sympathetic political and ecclesial entities in the complex network of Christian lands that made up the Iberian Peninsula in the late eleventh century.