Reports about the view stated in the commentary on the Ethics can be found in a number of texts by other authors, including an unpublished manuscript of Ibn Bajja
(the relevant passage was translated by Pines in "The Limitations of Human Knowledge According to Al-Farabi, Ibn Bajja
, and Maimonides," in Studies, 404-05) and in several texts by Averroes, such as The Epistle on the Possibility of Conjunction, section 14, and in two untitled texts in a Hebrew translation by Samuel Ibn Tibbon included in his Commentary on Ecclesiastes and published with German translation by J.
Stephen Harvey, "The Place of the Philosopher in the City according to Ibn Bajja," in C.
Rosenthal, "The place of politics in the philosophy of Ibn Bajja," Islamic Culture 25 (1951), pp.
Their topics include Aristotle's Rhetoric and political thought in the Christian Orient and in al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes; Ibn Bajja
and Aristotle's political thought; the reception of Aristotle's Politica in the Arabic and Syriac-Aramaic traditions; and Aristotle's Politics in medieval and Renaissance Jewish political thought.
From al-Farabi to Ibn Bajja
to Ibn Sina, Maimonides is rightly understood as working within and responding to the traditions of kalam (which he loathed) and falsafa (which he honored).
to al-Farabi and to Ibn Bajja
in order to throw light on the background problems with which Averroes was trying to grapple when composing the Commentary.
In that regard, philosophers of Islam during the classic period are no exception to the rule: al-Kindi, al-Farabi, Avicenna, Ibn Bajja
, Maimonides--to name only a few--are no exception to the rule.
It is the history of the transmission of this text and its summaries and their use by Muslim philosophers such as al-Kindi, al-Farabi, al-Amiri, Miskawayh, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ibn Bajja, and Ibn Rushd (Averroes) that Dunlop traces in his learned introduction to this text.
He states that Ibn Bajja "denies that Alfarabi in his Commentary on the Ethics said what is attributed to him" (p.
The chapters end with miscellaneous Arabic commentaries and other treatises on meteorology, such as those by al-Kindi, Ibn Sina, Ibn Bajja
and Ibn Rushd.
I would argue, for example, that both Ibn Bajja
and al-Ghazali exerted a greater influence on Ibn Tufail than did Ibn Tumart.