Ibn Batuta

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Ibn Batuta

(ĭ`bən bäto͞o`tä), 1304?–1378?, Muslim traveler, b. Tangier. No other medieval traveler is known to have journeyed so extensively. In 30 years (from c.1325) he made a series of journeys recorded in a dictated account. He traveled overland in North Africa and Syria to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. Afterward he visited Arabia, Mesopotamia, Persia, and Asia Minor. He made a journey by way of Samarkand to India, where he resided for almost eight years at the court of the sultan of Delhi, who sent him to China as one of his ambassadors. Ibn Batuta visited the Maldives, the Malabar coast, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and Sumatra. He returned c.1350 to Tangier. Later he went to Spain, then to Morocco, and from there he crossed the Sahara to visit Timbuktu and the Niger River. Batuta is still considered a most reliable source for the geography of his period and an authority on the cultural and social history of Islam. For annotated selections from his writings, see Travels of Ibn Battūta (tr. by H. A. R. Gibb, 3 vol., rev. ed. 1958–71).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ibn Batuta


(Ibn Battuta; full name, Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Abdallah al-Lavati al-Tanji). Born Feb. 24, 1304, in Tangier; died 1377 in Fez. Arab traveler, wandering merchant.

In 1325, having set out on a hajj from Morocco, Ibn Batuta visited Egypt and Arabia and later Iran, Mesopotamia, Syria, Asia Minor, the Crimea, and the southern regions of Russia, reaching the Volga; he journeyed through Middle Asia and Afghanistan and visited India, where he lived for several years, and then he traveled to Indonesia and China. He returned to Morocco in 1349. He went to Muslim Spain between 1349 and 1352. In 1352–53 he traveled in western and central Sudan. The description of Ibn Batuta’s account of his travels is a valuable historical source. His notes on his visit to the Golden Horde (especially in the Crimea and at the court of the khan Uzbek [Ozbeg]) are of interest for their abundant economic, ethnographic, cultural, and domestic information. He wrote at length of Constantinople, which he visited in the company of Uzbek’s wife, the daughter of a Greek king. Ibn Batuta provided a detailed account of the situation in Iran under the Hulaguids and of his sojourn in India where he held the post of judge at the court of the Delhi sultan Muhammad Tughlak. Ibn Batuta was the first to offer detailed information on the Mali empire and the regions adjacent to it.


Voyages d’lbn Batoutah, vols. 1–4. Arabian text accompanied by a translation by C. Defré’mery and B. R. Sanguinetti. Paris, 1853–58.
The Travels of Ibn Battuta A.D. 1325–1354, vols. 1–2. Edited by H.A.R. Gibb. Cambridge, 1958–62.


Tizengauzen, V. G. Sbornik materialov, otnosiashchikhsia k istorii Zolotoi Ordy. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Krachkovskii, I. lu. Izbr. soch., vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957. Pages 416–30.
Die Reise des Arabers Ibn Batuta durch Indien und China (14. Jahrhundert). Hamburg, 1911.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Currently, there are two bus routes from the Abu Dhabi City: One to Ibn Battuta and another to Al Ghubaiba bus station.
I look forward to welcoming guests from around the world to Avani Ibn Battuta Dubai when it opens in a few months."
Seven Tides' CEO, Abdulla Bin Sulayem said: "The addition of Lime Tree Cafe to The Offices at Ibn Battuta Gate provides our tenants with a local alternative to international food chains, offering a healthier and more sustainable F&B option for morning coffee or lunch.
Dubai: Dubai Metro's Red Line between Dubai Multi Commodities Centre (DMCC station 37) and Ibn Battuta (station 39) re-opened on Friday after being closed since January 5 as part of Route 2020 Project requirements.
"Hollywood, Venice Beach and Napa Valley might spring to mind when you think of America's hip and effortlessly glamorous Golden State," said Samer Abiad, Director of Food and Beverage, ME[micro]venpick Hotel Ibn Battuta Gate.
As an Islamic legal scholar, Ibn Battuta a served at high levels of government within the vibrant Muslim network of India and China.
It is worth mentioning that the selection of February 24th each year to celebrate the Arab Tourism Day comes in honor of the memory of the Arab Traveler ibn Battuta and to celebrate the date of his birth in the Moroccan City of Tangier on this day of 1304, whose journeys lasted almost three decades to most Arab countries from Morocco to Mashreq, Andalusia, Central Africa, Central Asia, South Asia and others.
Younis added that as per the new arrangement, metro passengers heading to UAE Exchange station will have to alight at JLT station, board a free bus that will take them to Ibn Battuta station, and then continue on the metro to the UAE Exchange station.
The festival honoring Ibn Battuta's legacy relives the journey he undertook seven centuries ago across many predominantly Muslim countries.
Tangier, July 11 -- The Moroccan Association of Ibn Battuta has selected the theme that will guide the development of the event program and activities of the association's 2nd International Festival of Ibn Battuta, schedule November 9-12, 2017 at the city of Tangier in Morocco.
Spanning a built-up area of 25,827sqm (278,000 sqf) across 15 floors, the hotel is located next to the link between Ibn Battuta Mall and Dubai Metro.