Ibn Batuta

Ibn Batuta

(ĭ`bən bäto͞o`tä), 1304?–1378?, Muslim traveler, b. Tangier. No other medieval traveler is known to have journeyed so extensively. In 30 years (from c.1325) he made a series of journeys recorded in a dictated account. He traveled overland in North Africa and Syria to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. Afterward he visited Arabia, Mesopotamia, Persia, and Asia Minor. He made a journey by way of Samarkand to India, where he resided for almost eight years at the court of the sultan of Delhi, who sent him to China as one of his ambassadors. Ibn Batuta visited the Maldives, the Malabar coast, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and Sumatra. He returned c.1350 to Tangier. Later he went to Spain, then to Morocco, and from there he crossed the Sahara to visit Timbuktu and the Niger River. Batuta is still considered a most reliable source for the geography of his period and an authority on the cultural and social history of Islam. For annotated selections from his writings, see Travels of Ibn Battūta (tr. by H. A. R. Gibb, 3 vol., rev. ed. 1958–71).

Ibn Batuta


(Ibn Battuta; full name, Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Abdallah al-Lavati al-Tanji). Born Feb. 24, 1304, in Tangier; died 1377 in Fez. Arab traveler, wandering merchant.

In 1325, having set out on a hajj from Morocco, Ibn Batuta visited Egypt and Arabia and later Iran, Mesopotamia, Syria, Asia Minor, the Crimea, and the southern regions of Russia, reaching the Volga; he journeyed through Middle Asia and Afghanistan and visited India, where he lived for several years, and then he traveled to Indonesia and China. He returned to Morocco in 1349. He went to Muslim Spain between 1349 and 1352. In 1352–53 he traveled in western and central Sudan. The description of Ibn Batuta’s account of his travels is a valuable historical source. His notes on his visit to the Golden Horde (especially in the Crimea and at the court of the khan Uzbek [Ozbeg]) are of interest for their abundant economic, ethnographic, cultural, and domestic information. He wrote at length of Constantinople, which he visited in the company of Uzbek’s wife, the daughter of a Greek king. Ibn Batuta provided a detailed account of the situation in Iran under the Hulaguids and of his sojourn in India where he held the post of judge at the court of the Delhi sultan Muhammad Tughlak. Ibn Batuta was the first to offer detailed information on the Mali empire and the regions adjacent to it.


Voyages d’lbn Batoutah, vols. 1–4. Arabian text accompanied by a translation by C. Defré’mery and B. R. Sanguinetti. Paris, 1853–58.
The Travels of Ibn Battuta A.D. 1325–1354, vols. 1–2. Edited by H.A.R. Gibb. Cambridge, 1958–62.


Tizengauzen, V. G. Sbornik materialov, otnosiashchikhsia k istorii Zolotoi Ordy. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Krachkovskii, I. lu. Izbr. soch., vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957. Pages 416–30.
Die Reise des Arabers Ibn Batuta durch Indien und China (14. Jahrhundert). Hamburg, 1911.


References in periodicals archive ?
Arab Tourism Day is celebrated every year on February 24, which also marks the birthday of famous Arab explorer Ibn Batuta.
In terms of contracts and clients Duserve continues to work with Nakheel to deliver FM services for the Ibn Batuta Mall, soft services for Dragon Mart 1 and Dragon Mart 2, concierge services for the Golden Mile on Palm Jumeirah, Emirates Financial Towers, and security services for the entire portfolio of Aramex's facilities, Boustantzi shares.
Summary: Metro service between JLT and Ibn Batuta station to be suspended to carry out Route 2020 construction work, says RTA
The 'Hands-On Drive' will start at Ibn Batuta Mall on 1 st and 2 nd December, followed by Al Qasba in Sharjah on 8 th and 9 th December, and concluding at Dubai Festival City Mall on 15 th and 16 th December.
Minister Pharoun's fresh words came during a gathering at Edde Sands to launch along with Jbeil Municipality Head Ziad al-Hawwat "Jbeil Capital of Arab tourism 2016", on the occasion of the Arab tourism Day on February 24- the anniversary of the renowned traveller Ibn Batuta.
And it's near to shopper's paradise Ibn Batuta Mall with its 275-plus stores and 50 eateries.
When I launched my Facebook page for the first time, my friends kept supporting me and called me 'Bent Batuta', which made me feel happy," she said, referring to the renowned 14 th century traveller Ibn Batuta.
It has captivated visitors like the 14th Century Moroccan traveler Ibn Batuta, who said : "In the island of Ceylon, rubies are found in all parts.
The other stations included in the project are at Al Qusais which will be refurbished by 2016, Sabkha, Deira City Centre, Jebel Ali I and Union (2017), Gold Souk and Ibn Batuta (2018) and Al Karama, Al Satwa, Al Quoz and Al Ghubaiba (2019).
3] Slapfish has landed in the Middle East, with its first outlet at China Court, Ibn Batuta.
Empower provides cooling services to landmark projects in Dubai including Jumeirah Beach Residence, Dubai International Financial Centre, Business Bay, Dubai Healthcare City, Palm Jumeirah, Jumeirah Lake Towers, Discovery Gardens and Ibn Batuta Shopping Mall.
Empower is currently providing services to many landmark projects in Dubai including Jumeirah Beach Residence, Dubai International Financial Centre, Business Bay, Dubai Healthcare City, Palm Jumeirah, Jumeirah Lake Towers, Discovery Gardens, Ibn Batuta Shopping Mall, among others.