Ibn Fadlan, Ahmad Ibn Abbas

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ibn Fadlan, Ahmad Ibn Abbas


Arab traveler and au-thor in the first half of the tenth century.

In 921–922, as secretary of the embassy of the Abbasid caliph Muktadir (ruled 908–932), ibn Fadlan journeyed through Bukhara and Khorezm to the king of the Volga Buigars. Ibn Fadlan’s vivid descriptions of the embassy’s travels, and also of Khorezm and the Ghuzz Turks, Bashkirs, Bulgars, Rus, and other peoples are notable for their wealth of factual folklore and ethnographic material. The book was written in the form of a story. The original text of the book is lost. An abridged edition, used as far back as the 13th century by the Arab scholar Yaqut, was discovered in Meshed in 1923.


Kovalevskii, A. P. Kniga Akhmeda Ibn-Fadlana o ego puteshestvii na Volgu v 921–922 gg. Kharkov, 1956. (Arabic text of ibn Fadlan’s work and Russian translation.)
Puteshestvie Ibn-Fadlana na Volgu. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.


Krachkovskii, I. lu. Arabskaia geograficheskaia literatura. Izbr. soch., vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957. Pages 184–86 and others. (See Index.)
Beilys, V. M. “P’iat’ vydan’ Knyhy Ybn-Fadlana.” Ukrains’kyi istorychnyi zhurnal, 1965, no. 3.
Canard, M. “La Relation du voyage d’lbn Fadlân chez les Bulgares de la Volga.” Annales de I’Institut d’études orientales, vol. 16. Algiers, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.