Ibn Khaldun


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Ibn Khaldun

(ĭ`bən khäldo͞on`), 1332–1406, Arab historian, b. Tunis. He held various offices under the rulers of Tunis and Morocco and served (1363) as ambassador of the Moorish king of Granada to Peter the Cruel of Castile. In 1382 he sailed to Cairo, where he spent most of the rest of his life as a teacher and lecturer. Many times grand Maliki cadi (judge) of Cairo, he made the pilgrimage to Mecca in 1387. In 1400 he accompanied the Egyptians in their campaign against Timur, and he was sent to arrange for the capitulation of Damascus to Timur. Ibn Khaldun is generally considered the greatest of the Arab historical thinkers. In his great work, the Kitab al-Ibar [universal history], he attempts to treat history as a science and outlines a philosophy of history, setting forth principles of sociology and political economy. He wrote an autobiography, completed in 1394, but expanded a few months before he died.

Bibliography

See studies by M. Mahdi (1957), W. J. Fischel (1967), and Y. Lacoste (1984).

References in periodicals archive ?
Using these ideas of Imam Abu Yusuf and Ibn Khaldun, a macroeconomic taxation model named alter them is presented graphically in Figure 1.
This article paper attempts to re-understand Ibn Khaldun's treatises in the field of urban science because it is based on the cultural specificities of Arab and Islamic societies, contrary to the proposals of the United Nations and the World Bank; which considers a general formula for all peoples.
Irwin begins his preface by citing several statements and acknowledgments about the greatness and significance of Ibn Khaldun and his works by such historians as Arnold Toynbee, Hugh Trevor-Roper, and Marshall Hodgson, who described the Muqaddima as "the greatest wide-ranging introduction to Islamic civilization." Additionally, Irwin cites philosophers and sociologists such as Ernest Gellner, who thought that Ibn Khaldun was "a superb inductive sociologist, a practitioner, long before the term was invented, of the methods of ideal types" (p.
BEIRUT: More than 600 years after his death, Ibn Khaldun is alive and well.
Ibrahim founded the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies in Cairo and the Arab Organization for Human Rights.
On this occasion, a conference entitled "Ibn Khaldun and his contemporary readings" will be given by French historian Gabriel Martinez-Gros.
Sajjad Awan while speaking on the occasion explained about the works of Ibn Khaldun and provide insights into his books of Ibn Khaldun's Muqaddimah, also known as Ibn Khaldun's Prolegomena, which was written by the historian and philosopher in 1377.
When my mother asked me to spend the summer in her brothers' house in the south, I employed every sophistry of my sixteen years--an age when only a mother pays attention to your budding philosophy of life--to explain to her that life forces surge northward, that the south, from which she and my father came, was becoming obsolete, that Ibn Khaldun (who had inspired this claim) was a great man, that the money could be better spent on a vacation, and that her brothers were actually not that nice.
The leading historian Ibn Khaldun (1338-1406) remains particularly interesting on this point.
We shall later see that Ibn Khaldun was (justly) proud of his own
1405), and the Tunisian scholar and jurist, Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406), which took place outside Damascus in 1401.
The Orange Trees of Marrakesh: Ibn Khaldun and the Science of Man