Ibn Saud


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Ibn Saud

(Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud) (ĭ`bən säo͞od`), c.1880–1953, founder of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia
, officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, kingdom (2015 est. pop. 27,752,000), 829,995 sq mi (2,149,690 sq km), comprising most of the Arabian peninsula. It is bounded on the west by the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea; on the east by the Persian Gulf, Qatar, and the
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 and its first king. His family, with its regular seat at Riyadh in the NejdNejd
or Najd
, region, central Saudi Arabia. Riyadh, the country's capital and major city, is located there. The Nejd is a vast plateau from 2,500 to 5,000 ft (762–1,524 m) high.
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, were the traditional leaders of the ultraorthodox WahhabiWahhabi
or Wahabi
, reform movement in Islam, originating in Arabia; adherents of the movement usually refer to themselves as Muwahhidun [unitarians]. It was founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahab (c.
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 movement in Islam. During Ibn Saud's youth the Saud family was in exile in Kuwait. In 1902 he and a small party of relatives and servants recaptured Riyadh. By 1912 he had completed the conquest of the Nejd and organized a well-trained army. During World War I the British made slight efforts to cultivate Ibn Saud's friendship but favored his rival, Husayn ibn AliHusayn ibn Ali
, 1856–1931, Arab political and religious leader. In 1908 he succeeded as grand sherif of Mecca and thus became ruler of the Hejaz under the Ottoman Empire.
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 of the HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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. In 1924–25, Ibn Saud defeated Husayn and proclaimed himself king of Hejaz and Nejd. After consolidating his power over most of the Arabian peninsula, he changed (1932) the name of his kingdom to Saudi Arabia. He forced many of the nomad tribes to adopt a settled way of life and to abandon their private wars and vendettas. He is credited with suppressing the robbery and extortion that formerly harassed pilgrims to Mecca and Medina. In 1936 and 1939 he granted oil concessions to American companies. The oil deposits of Arabia proved to be among the richest in the world, and Ibn Saud used some of the income derived from them on national improvements. The greater part of his oil revenues, however, was spent on the royal family. During World War II, Ibn Saud remained neutral but favored the Allies. He took only a minor part in the Arab-Israeli war of 1948. He was succeeded by Prince SaudSaud
(Saud bin Abd al-Aziz al-Saud) , 1902–69, king of Saudi Arabia (1953–64), son of Ibn Saud, brother of Faisal. Saud, who had distinguished himself in several of his father's early campaigns, became viceroy of Nejd in 1926 and heir apparent in 1933.
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, his eldest son.

Bibliography

See H. S. J. Philby, Arabian Jubilee (1953) and D. A. Howarth, The Desert King (1967).


Saud, Ibn:

see Ibn SaudIbn Saud
(Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud) , c.1880–1953, founder of Saudi Arabia and its first king. His family, with its regular seat at Riyadh in the Nejd, were the traditional leaders of the ultraorthodox Wahhabi movement in Islam.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Just over a century ago, King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud recaptured the family's historicalstronghold of Riyadh from a rival clan, setting his family on a path of conquest from the Red Sea to the Gulf that eventually made the sleepy oasis town the capital of the world's foremost oil power.
Another leading face among the grandsons of Ibn Saud is Sultan's son Khaled, assistant defense minister.
He, Ibn Saud, could not conceive of leaving an enemy in a position to strike back after defeat.
The second dynasty collapsed in 1875, when Prince Abdel Rahman Ibn Saud and his family fled to Kuwait as the Ottoman forces took most of Arabia.
Saud Al Faisal Ibn Abdel Aziz Al Saud: Born in 1942, Prince Saud is the first candidate among the grandsons of Ibn Saud to become king at the end of the current transitional period, i.e.
The study is a comparative one, analysing the respective leaderships of Hussein, Sharif of Mecca, and Ibn Saud, the man responsible for the revival of Al Saud rule in Najd, over three distinct periods -- before the Arab revolt against Turkey, during the revolt and thereafter.
On pages 16-18, for example, he appears to argue that in the immediate post-World War I era, any of the other ruling houses of Arabia--the Hashemites of Mecca, the Rashids of Hayil or the Idrisis of the Asir--would have been better rulers of Arabia and more committed proponents of a broader Arab unity than the "blood-thirsty," "fanatical," and "semi-literate" Ibn Saud. His arguments on this score are unpersuasive, especially since they focus more on the presumed higher social standing in Arab society of these other families than on the demonstrated political and military skills of their leaders.
Muzdalifah, Dhu-AlHijjah 10, 1439, Aug 21, 2018, SPA -- Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University has supervised Hajj Rituals Awareness Program for the guests of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from the United States in coordination with the Saudi Embassy in Washington.
Fawzan bin Abdul-Rahman Al-Fawzan, Acting Rector of Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University Thursday discussed the matter of increase in scholarships for IIUI students in Imam Mohammad University.
in 1945), the youngest and most-educated son of the kingdom's founder Abdul-Aziz "ibn Saud" as crown prince and 1st deputy PM; and (2) he elevated the most effective and US-educated grand-son of ibn Saud, Prince Muhammad ibn Nayef (b.
The crown has passed between the sons of Saudi Arabia's founding father Ibn Saud, but few are still alive.
The AC has a representative of each line of the family descended from Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud, the kingdom's founder.