Fihrist

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fihrist

 

(Persian, “index”), a type of biobibliography in Arabic and Persian philology. The term originated with a work, completed in 988, by Ibn al-Nadim, a book merchant of Baghdad. Ibn al-Nadim’s fihrist was divided into ten chapters, a format adopted in future similar works, and to this day remains an important source for the history of medieval Arabic literature. As a scholarly work, the fihrist includes material on philosophy, philology, theology, law, alchemy, history, and genealogy, in addition to traditional accounts, legends, and poetic models. The Arabic version of the fihrist—the fahrasa—is a type of biography, comprising lists or catalogs of works, such as the Fahrasa of Abu Bakr ibn Khayr (12th century). Later examples of the fihrist include A Catalog of Errors in the Titles of Books and the Names of Branches of Learning, an Arabic work by the 17th-century Turkish scholar Câtib Çelebi (Haji Khalifa), which provides a bibliographical analysis of 1,450 books.

REFERENCES

Ibn al-Nadim. Al-Fihrist. Beirut [1970.]
Nadim, al-. Kitab al-Fihrist. Tehran [1972.]
In English translation:
Nadim, al-. The Fihrist of al-Nadim: A Tenth-Century Survey of Muslim Culture, vols. 1–2. Edited by B. Dodge. New York–London, 1970.
Pellat, C. “Fahrasa.” In Encyclopedia of Islam, vol. 2. Leiden, 1965.
Fück, J. W. “Ibn al-Nadim.” In Ibid., vol. 3. Leiden, 1968.

S. A. SHUISKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
His search in Ibn al-Nadim's Fihrist for early works with the word usul in the title having been unsuccessful, Hallaq concluded that there is no evidence of legal-theoretical literature before the generation of Ibn Surayj, a full century later.
He had also ordered translation of astronomy from foreign languages into Arabic (Ibn al-Nadim, n.d.).
But, as we already knew, for instance through Ibn al-Nadim's Fihrist, and as the CMC makes quite clear, Mani himself grew up among the Elkasaites, i.e., in a Jewish-Christian baptist sect.
His books on gems are listed in The Index, an annotated bibliography of the 10th century compiled by the bookdealer Ibn al-Nadim.(4)
Versions of this story are preserved by Ibn al-Nadim (d.
Moreover, his works also covered the history of Persian, genealogy of the Arabs tribes, the history of the Umayyad and 'Abbasids, the affairs that related to the cities such as Basrah dan Kufah, the role of the governors and the structure of the administration (Ibn al-Nadim, 1985).
(2) The first is mentioned in Ibn al-Nadim's Fihrist in the list of al-Razi's publications as Kitab al-Ta'arri wa-l-tadaththur (Book on Getting Naked and Covering Oneself); (3) in Ibn Abi Usaybi'a as Fi l-'llati llatl yudfa'u harru l-hawa'i marratan bi-l-takashshufi wa-marratan bi-l-tadaththur (On the Reason Why Warmth Is Sometimes Dispelled by Uncovering Oneself and Sometimes by Covering Oneself); (4) and with nearly the same title in al-Biruni, which suggests that Ibn Abi Usaybi'a based his information about the title on al-Biruni.