Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.


see IgboIgbo
or Ibo
, one of the largest ethnic groups in Nigeria, deriving mainly from SE Nigeria, numbering around 15 million. Originally settled in many autonomous villages, the Igbo nevertheless had a sense of cultural unity and the ability to unite for political action.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Igbo, a people in Eastern Nigeria. Population, approximately 12 million (1972, estimate). The Ibo speak the Ibo language. Some Ibo still retain local traditional beliefs, while the remainder are Christians (chiefly Catholics). The chief occupation of the Ibo is farming (yam, cassava, rice, and vegetables). The fruits of the African oil palm are exported. New social relationships, associated with the development of the capitalist mode of production, are taking shape among the Ibo. The Ibo took an active part in the national liberation movement of Nigerian peoples. The proclamation in May 1967 of the so-called Republic of Biafra in the territory inhabited by the Ibo led to a civil war in Nigeria that ended in defeat for the separatists in January 1970.


Ismagilova, R. N. Narody Nigerii. Moscow, 1963.
Forde, D., and G. Y. Jones. The Ibo and Ibibio-speaking Peoples of South-Eastern Nigeria. London, 1950. (In the series Ethnographic Survey of Africa, part 3.)
Basden, G. T. Niger Ibos. London, 1938.



Igbo, the language of the Ibo people of Eastern Nigeria, which belongs to the Kwa group of the Congo-Kordofanian language family. Ibo speakers number approximately 10.7 million (1967, estimate). The rich consonant system of Ibo includes the bifocal obstruents kp and gb, palatalized, labialized, and aspirated consonants (voiced and voiceless), and nasal fricatives. Vowel harmony, based on the openness and closedness of vowels, operates within the word. Ibo has five phonologic tones. Case relations are signified by word order, a single preposition of place, and partly by tones in the noun. In the verb, the person and number of the subject are expressed in some forms by a pronominal prefix (“inseparable pronoun”) and in other forms by a pronoun (“separable pronoun”). Verbs are marked for aspectual-temporal forms, negation, and moods by prefixes and tones. Word formation is primarily prefixal. Ibo is a written language and is taught in schools.


Green, M., and G. Igwe. A Descriptive Grammar of Igbo. London-Berlin, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Igbo
1. a member of a Negroid people of W Africa, living chiefly in S Nigeria
2. the language of this people, belonging to the Kwa branch of the Niger-Congo family: one of the chief literary and cultural languages of S Nigeria
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The practice and theory tests are considered more difficult than the previous IBO. Besides, the hot and dry weather in Tehran is another challenge for the Indonesian students.
Ibo then became a multicultural entrepot, with European, Arab, Indian and Chinese merchants living here.
Prof Wood said: "Our findings suggest IBOs and their impact on managerial practices do not appear to be an effective mechanism for turning round failing firms.
No sooner had the blood finished pouring from Mathews' broken nose then Vaughan began investigating the possibility of landing his boxer a crack at the unattached IBO bauble.
"IBO forecasts $29.0 billion for 2010 and, for subsequent years, more modest levels in the $14 billion per year range," the report said of bonuses.
In 2008, the modular riser remains the standout feature in the original 31" Silverado introduced in 2007, as well as two brand new models: the Silverado Sabre, a 35" bow with a 7" brace height and IBO rating of 328 fps; and the Silverado Eclipse, another 31" bow designed for small-frame bowhunters.
Screenplay toys with the whole Turkish machismo thing, with Titzi testing Ibo to see if he's willing to share the responsibilities of parenthood.
The new smooth-drawing NRG Cam--a modular single-cam--powers the Scorpion to an IBO speed of 305 fps.
But critics of the IBO conclusions counter that when New York switches over to a more cost-effective system of collecting recyclables later this year, the cost differences will be negligible.
IBO attributes the higher cost of recycling to the lower productivity of recycling collection, measured as tons collected per truck shift.
Harry Hawkins said he was "baffled" by claims that Belfast's IBO super-middleweight champ Magee was a "punk kid with a runny nose" who had "avoided a Belfast showdown" with Vanderpool.
The former IBO and Commonwealth cruiserweight champ will challenge for the vacant IBO Inter-continental light-heavyweight belt on September 20 at the Ulster Hall.