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Ibrahim Pasha(ēbrähēm` pä`shä), 1789–1848, Egyptian general. He was the eldest son of Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali,
1769?–1849, pasha of Egypt after 1805. He was a common soldier who rose to leadership by his military skill and political acumen. In 1799 he commanded a Turkish army in an unsuccessful attempt to drive Napoleon from Egypt.
..... Click the link for more information. , governor of Egypt under the Ottoman Empire. Ibrahim conducted (1816–19) largely successful campaigns against the WahhabisWahhabi
, reform movement in Islam, originating in Arabia; adherents of the movement usually refer to themselves as Muwahhidun [unitarians]. It was founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahab (c.
..... Click the link for more information. in Arabia. He fought (1825–28) against the insurgent Greeks, but the landing of French troops forced him to withdraw from the country. After Muhammad Ali turned against the Ottoman sultan, Ibrahim conquered (1832–33) Syria. His attempts to apply to Syria the reforms that his father had introduced in Egypt caused a series of disorders. Warfare with the Turks was resumed in 1838, but British and Austrian military intervention on Turkey's behalf compelled Ibrahim to evacuate to Egypt. In 1848 he was regent of Egypt during his father's insanity.
Born 1786 (1789 according to other data) in the city of Kavalla, in the territory of present-day Greece; died Nov. 10, 1848, in Cairo. Egyptian general and statesman, son of Muhammad Ali.
Ibrahim Pasha took part in creating the Egyptian army and navy and in implementing his father’s economic reforms. From 1807 to 1812 daftardar (head of the finance department), Ibrahim Pasha was governor of Upper Egypt from 1812 to 1816 and commander of the Egyptian armies from 1816 to 1841. He became famous after the victory over the Wahhabite rebels in Arabia in 1816–18. From 1824 to 1827, Ibrahim Pasha commanded the Egyptian troops fighting against the Greek national liberation revolution of 1821–29, and later he led the Egyptian troops that defeated the Turkish armies in the Egypto-Turkish war of 1831–33. Ibrahim Pasha became the de facto ruler of Egypt in 1847 and hereditary pasha of Egypt in June 1848.