Rugova, Ibrahim

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Rugova, Ibrahim

(ēbrähēm` ro͞ogō`vā) 1944–2006, ethnic Albanian leader in KosovoKosovo
, Albanian Kosova, Serbian Kosovo i Metohija and Kosmet, officially Republic of Kosovo, republic (2011 est. pop. 1,826,000), 4,126 sq mi (10,686 sq km), SE Europe, a former province of Serbia that unilaterally declared its independence in 2008.
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. A scholar and author, he studied at Kosovo's Priština Univ. and the Sorbonne, Paris, and became president of the influential Kosovo Writers Union (1988) and professor of Albanian at Pristina Univ. Entering politics when Serbia began its campaign against Kosovo's Albanians in the late 1980s, he became (1989) leader of the moderate Democratic League of Kosovo, which advocated democracy and self-determination for the province. Rugova eschewed the use of force, a stance that brought him both respect internationally and criticism from some Albanian Kosovars, particularly in the violent late 1990s when Serb brutality led to NATO intervention. In 2001 his party won the provincial assembly elections and in 2002 he became province's president, under the supervision of the United Nations. He was reelected in 2004 and survived an assassination attempt (2005) before he died in office.
References in periodicals archive ?
The illegal Kosovar administration of that decade -- referred to in political writings of the time as a "parallel state," "shadow state" or even a "parallel society" -- wound up electing Ibrahim Rugova as its state president.
However, time will show whether a new political alternative will be able to be formed, as once Ibrahim Rugova formed in Kosovo.
Whether or not the stance of the Kosovo Democratic Union under the lead of Ibrahim Rugova bore any fruit is debated.
In response, Kosovo Albanian leaders began a peaceful resistance movement in the early 1990s, led by Ibrahim Rugova.
The new government will have 18 ministries, allocated in line with an agreement between the Kosovo Democratic Party, the Alliance for New Kosovo, the Ibrahim Rugova List and minority communities.
Ibrahim Rugova ticket will have one minister, whereas the Serbian parties will have three ministers.
I became aware of how serious the challenge was after my almost-two-hour meeting with the first Kosovo President, Ibrahim Rugova, a wonderful interlocutor who said he was happy that it was the Republic of Macedonia that opened a diplomatic office and carefully explained to me the whole situation in Kosovo, laying stress on the period that followed and the talks about Kosovo's status.
In the early 1990s, when Yugoslavia's republics were violently asserting their independence from Belgrade's authority, most of Kosovo was actually engaged in a campaign of nonviolent separatism behind the Albanian Kosovars' revered leader, Ibrahim Rugova.
Kosovo's late president Ibrahim Rugova said not long before he died that independence for Kosovo represents a compromise--insofar as Kosovo Albanians are not seeking outright unification with Albania.
The new government of Prime Minister Ceku and 14 ministers, with one of them also serving as deputy premier, is a coalition of the Democratic League of Kosovo of the late president, Ibrahim Rugova, the Alliance for Future of Kosovo of former prime minister, Ramush Haradinai, and a small group of minority parties ''six plus.
KOSOVO President Ibrahim Rugova survived an assassination attempt yesterday when a bomb exploded as his convoy passed through central Pristina, the capital of the Serb province.
The formation of the new government follows a coalition deal struck nearly two weeks ago between the Democratic League of Kosovo's President Ibrahim Rugova, the winner of the province's general elections, and the much smaller Alliance for the Future of Kosovo, led by Haradinaj, which came in third.