Rugova, Ibrahim

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Rugova, Ibrahim

(ēbrähēm` ro͞ogō`vā) 1944–2006, ethnic Albanian leader in KosovoKosovo
, Albanian Kosova, Serbian Kosovo i Metohija and Kosmet, officially Republic of Kosovo, republic (2015 est. pop. 1,871,000), 4,126 sq mi (10,686 sq km), SE Europe, a former province of Serbia that unilaterally declared its independence in 2008.
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. A scholar and author, he studied at Kosovo's Priština Univ. and the Sorbonne, Paris, and became president of the influential Kosovo Writers Union (1988) and professor of Albanian at Pristina Univ. Entering politics when Serbia began its campaign against Kosovo's Albanians in the late 1980s, he became (1989) leader of the moderate Democratic League of Kosovo, which advocated democracy and self-determination for the province. Rugova eschewed the use of force, a stance that brought him both respect internationally and criticism from some Albanian Kosovars, particularly in the violent late 1990s when Serb brutality led to NATO intervention. In 2001 his party won the provincial assembly elections and in 2002 he became province's president, under the supervision of the United Nations. He was reelected in 2004 and survived an assassination attempt (2005) before he died in office.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Within a wider civic resistance movement, orchestrated by the "father of the nation" Ibrahim Rugova, ethnic Albanian athletes quit Yugoslav squads.
The entire thoroughfare is 60 kilometers long, and 600 million euro will be invested Highway "Arben Xhaferi" is extension of Kosovo-Albania highway "Ibrahim Rugova" which links with highway DuressKukes to the border crossing Morina, on the Albanian-Kosovo border.
The illegal Kosovar administration of that decade -- referred to in political writings of the time as a "parallel state," "shadow state" or even a "parallel society" -- wound up electing Ibrahim Rugova as its state president.
However, time will show whether a new political alternative will be able to be formed, as once Ibrahim Rugova formed in Kosovo.
Whether or not the stance of the Kosovo Democratic Union under the lead of Ibrahim Rugova bore any fruit is debated.
In response, Kosovo Albanian leaders began a peaceful resistance movement in the early 1990s, led by Ibrahim Rugova. They established a parallel government funded mainly by the Albanian diaspora.
The new government will have 18 ministries, allocated in line with an agreement between the Kosovo Democratic Party, the Alliance for New Kosovo, the Ibrahim Rugova List and minority communities.
Ibrahim Rugova ticket will have one minister, whereas the Serbian parties will have three ministers.
I became aware of how serious the challenge was after my almost-two-hour meeting with the first Kosovo President, Ibrahim Rugova, a wonderful interlocutor who said he was happy that it was the Republic of Macedonia that opened a diplomatic office and carefully explained to me the whole situation in Kosovo, laying stress on the period that followed and the talks about Kosovo's status.
In the early 1990s, when Yugoslavia's republics were violently asserting their independence from Belgrade's authority, most of Kosovo was actually engaged in a campaign of nonviolent separatism behind the Albanian Kosovars' revered leader, Ibrahim Rugova.
Kosovo's late president Ibrahim Rugova said not long before he died that independence for Kosovo represents a compromise--insofar as Kosovo Albanians are not seeking outright unification with Albania.