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river, Brazil: see PutumayoPutumayo
or Içá
, river, c.1,000 mi (1,600 km) long, rising in the Andes, S Colombia, and flowing SE to the Amazon in NW Brazil. Mostly navigable, it marks part of Colombia's boundary with Ecuador and most of Colombia's frontier with Peru.
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(ē`kä), city (1993 pop. 108,724), capital of Ica region, SW Peru, on the Pan-American HighwayPan-American Highway,
system of roads, c.16,000 mi (25,750 km) long, linking the nations of the Western Hemisphere. It was suggested at the Fifth International Conference of American States (1923) and supported and financed by the United States during the 1940s and 1950s.
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. It is a commercial center for the cotton, wool, and wine produced in the region. There are several summer resorts nearby. Ica is also the archaeological name of the Chincha empire of ancient Peru, which had one of its major centers in the adjacent valley. The empire fell to the Inca in the 15th cent. The Spanish settled the city in 1563. In Ica is the shrine of Our Lord of Luren, the site of colorful pilgrimages. The city has been devastated by earthquakes several times, most recently in 2007. It has a museum and a university.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Peru on the Pan-American Highway, the administrative center of lea Department. Population, 61,400 (1966). Ica is linked by railroad with the port of Pisco. The city is the trade center of an agricultural region (cotton and grapes). Textile and food industries are there, as is a university. The city of Ica was founded in 1563.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(Independent Computing Architecture) An input/output presentation protocol from Citrix that governs the keyboard, mouse and screen formatting between clients and servers in Citrix's products. Originally "Intelligent Console Architecture."

The First Windows Thin Client Computing
Using Citrix's WinFrame on Windows NT in the mid-1990s, ICA was the first protocol to provide thin client computing for Windows. Soon after, Microsoft came out with its Terminal Services, based largely on Citrix software, but using the RDP protocol. ICA supports numerous client platforms, including Windows, DOS, Mac, Unix, Linux and Java. See thin client, WinFrame, Citrix XenApp and Citrix XenDesktop.

ICA in Practice
ICA is used in Citrix products such as XenApp, while Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is used in Microsoft's built-in thin client software.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Looking ahead, ICA has invited ARMA to play a leading role in the development and delivery of the upcoming quadrennial Congress program in 2004 in Vienna.
Agenesis of an ICA has been reported in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2, [7] but until now there has been no report of its occurrence in either a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 or a patient with a vagal neurofibroma.
"ICA is starting anew and this is only the beginning of the construction sector's recovery," says Elizabeth Barrera, construction analyst for BBVA-Bancomer.
Bender attended Mexicom '94 in Mexico City to talk to the Mexican Telecommunications Professionals about ICA. "We had over 3,000 people come by the ICA booth," he says.
ABG Sundal Collier and GDA Advokatbyra served as advisers to ICA Gruppen.
ICA Gruppen AB is a retail company with a focus on food and health.
More than 40 local agents took part in the two day, interactive session, which focused on the responsibilities of the agent under a cotton contract, looking at the behaviour of the cotton market, the application of ICA Bylaws and Rules and promoting good trading practice.
29 March 2010 - S&P on Friday put on "negative" watch its BBB- senior unsecured debt rating on highway operator ICA Panama's USD150m (EUR111.6m) 2030 bonds.
May 17: Workshop: Organizational dynamics; ICA Associates; Toronto; Email ica@ica-associates.ca
A laterally displaced internal carotid artery (ICA) in the middle ear is rare.