Ice-Making

Ice-Making

 

the preparation of ice from water, using either natural cold or refrigerators.

The simplest kind of ice production involves the procurement of ice from frozen rivers, lakes, or ponds. In the USSR, it is common to freeze ice on open platforms in winter. The volume of the frozen blocks of ice may be as much as tens of thousands of cu m. To freeze ice in packs, water is sprayed through hoses or pipes. Pick hammers and icebreakers are used to prepare the ice for use. During the summer, the ice packs are covered with insulating materials and are handled from the shady, north side. Lift trucks and conveyors are used in shipping the ice.

At ice plants, refrigerators are used to make ice. The first plant in Russia for the manufacture of artificial ice was built in 1892. Ice plants supply chiefly those branches of industry that need large quantities of ice (the meat and dairy industries, fisheries, and the railroad transport industry). They also supply industrial icehouses, which provide a centralized ice supply to the consumer. More than 20 million tons of natural ice and as much as a million tons of artificial ice are consumed in the USSR each year. Among foreign countries, one of the largest ice producers is the USA, which prepares about 30 million tons of ice per year (mostly artificial).

Ice plants manufacturing ice for foods may produce up to 200 tons per day. Such plants include ice machines and a storage room. They either have their own refrigerator or are served by a central refrigeration plant. Railroad ice plants with an output as high as 200 tons per day supply ice for refrigerator cars. Such plants are equipped with mechanical ice crushers and conveyors.

Ice plants in fish-packing enterprises located along the shore make as much as 360 tons of ice per day. They are equipped with mechanized systems to supply ice to the fishing vessels.

REFERENCES

Arshanskii, S. N., and E. Ia. Sinkevich. L’dozavody. Moscow, 1968.
Bobkov, V. A. Proizvodstvo i primenenie vodnogo I’da. Moscow, 1961.
Kurylev, E. S., and N. A. Gerasimov. Kholodil’nye ustanovki, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Purchase of an ice-making machine for the auction of saint-quay portrieux
The Fisheries Development Department in the wilayat of Sohar, in cooperation with the Local Committee for Sea Traditions, on Sunday celebrated the opening of ice-making unit in Majees village.
Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Pintildeol said the DA aims to stop the loss of about 40 percent of the country's daily fish catch by establishing ice-making facilities in 91 fishing grounds nationwide by the end of the closed fishing season in March next year.
There are fryers, griddles, ovens, toasters, gas stoves, pasta cookers, microwave ovens, induction cookers, chicken rotisseries, meat mincers, bone saw, crepe and waffle makers, coffee machines, blenders, hot dog rollers, siopao steamers, juice dispensers, ice-making machines, ice cream/gelato machines, stick blenders, cone bakers, ice crushers, popsicle machines, chillers, food warmers and dishwashing machines, among many others.
LAHORE -- Surprise visits would be carried out to ice-making factories twice a month to check cleanliness arrangements and if all the tools and machinery are rust-free, according to sources at the Punjab Food Authority (PFA).
The Rangers also seized 61 grams ice, 5g MDMA powder, 1.5g cocaine, one packet of hashish, ice-making equipment, ecstasy, five mobile phones, two laptops, seven passports and 37 different stamps from his possession.
Summary: The EBRD, under its EU-funded Advice for Agribusiness program, provided support to the Tunisian ice-making company "GIPA", which has modernized its activities to engage in new projects.
Most compressors used in industrial ice-making are filled with such gases as ammonia.
"There have been some conflicting data on the particular role and extent of the bacterium's ice-making on plants, and not all strains of the bacterium infect plants," she says.
The second RO 25,000 is the construction of ice-making unit in the fish market of the Wilayat of Liwa.
Oakley Farms; the leading Fenland based specialist grower and packers of quality broccoli, courgettes, marrows and pumpkins, has taken delivery of two Scotsman MF66 'superflake' ice-making systems with a capacity of 2.4 tonnes of ice per day, to maintain their product quality throughout the packing and distribution process.
First, you will analyze your needs (volume, quality drink-making, visual impression), and then select from among the available shapes, styles and qualities of ice that are made using modern ice-making technology.