Icelanders


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Icelanders

 

a nation and the main population of Iceland, numbering about 200,000 persons (1970, estimate). They also live in Canada and the USA. They speak the Icelandic language, and their religion is Protestantism (Lutheranism). The Icelanders are the descendants of Scandinavian settlers who migrated to Iceland, chiefly from Norway, during the ninth and tenth centuries. Emigrants from Scandinavian colonies in Ireland and Scotland also contributed to the formation of the Icelandic people. National consolidation and the formation of the Icelandic nation occurred between the 11th and 13th centuries. From 1380, Iceland’s national development was hampered by a long period of Danish rule. In 1918, Denmark recognized the sovereign rights of Iceland on the basis of a Danish-Icelandic union. The union was dissolved in 1944, and the country was proclaimed a republic. The chief occupation of the Icelanders is fishing, fish processing, and agriculture.

REFERENCE

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
This system of government forms the core of a persistent myth in the literature on New Iceland: that during its first twelve years of existence it was a semi-autonomous state called "the Republic of New Iceland," separate and distinct, with the stated goal of preserving the Icelanders' language and cultural traditions within its borders.
Seeing the propensity of visitors to bring home free souvenirs courtesy of Mother Nature, Icelanders realized the value of their resources and the urgency of preserving them.
The king wanted to convince Icelanders to convert from the old Norse religion to Christianity before it was too late.
In other words, Terim should have known about Iceland's technical and physical advantage before Tuesday's match -- not after -- and formed a team capable of giving the Icelanders as much as it takes or even more.
But he said that given Icelanders' lack of support for the crown and the failure of monetary policy to provide economic stability, adopting an alternative was not unthinkable.
18 ( ANI ): Engineers have created a new app for Icelanders that allows to check whether their new date happens to be a relative.
A striking blonde with piercing blue eyes, Arnorsdottir was seen as a fresh face at a time when many Icelanders clamoured for a new breed of politicians to clean out the ranks following the country s devastating economic crash in 2008.
The Icelanders won the dispute in 1976 after threatening to close the NATO base at Keflavik, a key part of anti-Soviet defences.
And with the euro in turmoil, and the US dollar hampered by Washington's huge federal deficit, Icelanders are looking at switching to the Canadian dollar.
Through his consciousness, from infancy through maturity, Arnason provides us with an overview of the history of Icelanders in Manitoba: the early difficulties when smallpox struck the New Iceland settlement and decimated nearby Indian settlements; the fileting and preparation of fish for market in Gimli; work on the railways and sewers and construction of apartment blocks in Winnipeg; life in the Winnipeg Hats, in seedy side-streets, as well as in affluent homes.
Investor Huang Nubo is a former government employee with China's Central Propaganda Department and the Ministry of Construction, the article notes, and Icelanders have questioned whether the purchase is linked to geopolitical purposes or natural-resources acquisition.
We publish more books per capita than any other country and enjoy a 99% literacy rate." Reykjavik boasts an outstanding literary history with its invaluable heritage of ancient medieval literature, the Sagas, the Edda and the eslendingabk (Book of Icelanders), an historical work dealing with early Icelandic history.