Icelanders

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Icelanders

 

a nation and the main population of Iceland, numbering about 200,000 persons (1970, estimate). They also live in Canada and the USA. They speak the Icelandic language, and their religion is Protestantism (Lutheranism). The Icelanders are the descendants of Scandinavian settlers who migrated to Iceland, chiefly from Norway, during the ninth and tenth centuries. Emigrants from Scandinavian colonies in Ireland and Scotland also contributed to the formation of the Icelandic people. National consolidation and the formation of the Icelandic nation occurred between the 11th and 13th centuries. From 1380, Iceland’s national development was hampered by a long period of Danish rule. In 1918, Denmark recognized the sovereign rights of Iceland on the basis of a Danish-Icelandic union. The union was dissolved in 1944, and the country was proclaimed a republic. The chief occupation of the Icelanders is fishing, fish processing, and agriculture.

REFERENCE

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
We hope to bring this awareness to local Icelandic people and especially to lawmakers in their decision on rules, which we hope will have a religious exemption clause.
All of these things have had profound and lasting implications on the Icelandic people, but they are confident that they will recover, adapt and survive as they always have.
Our electoral success means the Icelandic people want change and trust the Pirates to lead by ethical example without corruption.
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They have already won the hearts of all Icelandic people for their performances.
It is another fairytale but all the Icelandic people TURN TO PAGE 51
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For example, difference calibrated along ethno-religious lines may have made both Ukrainian and Icelandic people into exemplary Canadian pioneers, but difference viewed along racialized lines has not seemed to provide the kind of legitimacy that could make Chinese settlers into pioneers.
All this for a few years of energy production, reaping little reward for the Icelandic people.
DeCode Genetics for a time was granted access to DNA samples and medical records of all Icelandic people under a "presumed consent" rule adopted by the Icelandic government This approach quickly met resistance and raised serious ethical questions that ultimately led to the rule's being overturned (Specter).