Icelanders

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Icelanders

 

a nation and the main population of Iceland, numbering about 200,000 persons (1970, estimate). They also live in Canada and the USA. They speak the Icelandic language, and their religion is Protestantism (Lutheranism). The Icelanders are the descendants of Scandinavian settlers who migrated to Iceland, chiefly from Norway, during the ninth and tenth centuries. Emigrants from Scandinavian colonies in Ireland and Scotland also contributed to the formation of the Icelandic people. National consolidation and the formation of the Icelandic nation occurred between the 11th and 13th centuries. From 1380, Iceland’s national development was hampered by a long period of Danish rule. In 1918, Denmark recognized the sovereign rights of Iceland on the basis of a Danish-Icelandic union. The union was dissolved in 1944, and the country was proclaimed a republic. The chief occupation of the Icelanders is fishing, fish processing, and agriculture.

REFERENCE

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Humphreys said that the Icelandic people realised the volcano, called Eyjafjallajokull - with 'jokull' meaning glacier - would not be dangerous because the exposed, 1,200 degree C lava was 'not explosive'.
AFTER another big No vote from the Icelandic people on paying back Iceland's debt of pounds 3.
In the study, researchers from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore worked with colleagues in Iceland to map a type of epigenetic change known as methylation in DNA samples taken 11 years apart from 74 Icelandic people.
The Icelandic people have made this active land their home and are always prepared to dance with nature.
Mr Sheerman also stood by recent comments he made when he accused Icelandic people of having a "brutal and self-serving" attitude to the environment.
But the Icelandic people, looking at a payment of around $15,000 for every man, woman and child on the island decided to put the issue to a referendum.
The only thing that I have decided is to allow the Icelandic people to have the final say in a referendum which is in accordance with our fundamental democratic principles.
To be frank with you, if we would get a rotten deal on the fisheries, the Icelandic people would get quite angry.
Icelandic people should always buy Icelandic-made products.
Then when EastEnder turned politician Michael Cashman tried to tell him about fisheries policy, the Duke of Edinburgh retorted: "We should be like the Icelandic people and patrol our waters with gunboats.
To be fair Icelandic people wouldn't go mad getting Sky just for the Irish Sky News.