Ichthyosis


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Related to Ichthyosis: Ichthyosis congenita, lamellar ichthyosis, Harlequin ichthyosis

ichthyosis

[‚ik·thē′ō·səs]
(medicine)
A congenital skin disease characterized by dryness and scales, especially on the extensor surfaces of the extremities.

Ichthyosis

 

fish skin disease, xeroderma, a skin disease characterized by sharply increased keratogenesis and retarded keratolysis.

Incidence of ichthyosis is a familial condition in half the cases and hereditary in 25 percent. It appears in early childhood (most often around age three), intensifies at puberty, and lasts throughout life. It is expressed in dryness of the skin and the accumulation of horny masses on the skin’s surface, in the form of scales or of massive horny plates that resemble fish scales. The excretion of oil and perspiration decreases sharply. The affection spreads over the entire skin surface, except at joint folds, axillae, and inguinal folds. On the face and scalp, ichthyosis appears in the form of furfuraceous desquamation. The condition of the skin improves in the summertime as a result of increased excretion of oil and sweat. Ichthyosis is treated with hot baths containing soda or table salt, followed by lubrication of the skin with emollient creams. Cod-liver oil and vitamins may be taken internally (in particular vitamin A). In the summer, prolonged sojourns in the south can be helpful (sea bathing).

I. N. VEDROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
See also: Hemangioma, Ichthyosis, Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome, Sturge-Weber Syndrome, Vascular Malformations
Genetic testing showed that Rhiannon, now nine years old, had developed epidermolytic hyperkeratosis, a type of ichthyosis, despite neither parent carrying the gene.
Rhiannon was diagnosed with the genetic condition Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis, a type of ichthyosis, at just 12 hours old.
Members of the Ichthyosis Support Group, both direct sufferers and their families, attended the biannual event at the Cable and Wireless College in Tile Hill.
It can also involve stunted growth, mental retardation, skin sensitivity to light and skin ichthyosis.
Kerol(TM) Topical Suspension is indicated for the treatment of hyperkeratotic conditions such as dry, rough skin, dermatitis, psoriasis, xerosis, ichthyosis, eczema, keratosis pilaris, keratosis palmaris, keratoderma, corns and calluses.
These compounds, first used by dermatologists to alleviate severe scaling associated with the disfiguring skin condition ichthyosis, have consistently proven useful to dermatologists in the treatment of a variety of conditions when used alone or in combination with other therapeutic regimens.
She also cautions people with certain skin conditions, like eczema and ichthyosis or those with chronically dehydrated skin, to take greater care of their skin as they are more predisposed to dehydration.
The four most advanced product candidates include one for the treatment of diaper dermatitis complicated by candidiasis, which is in registration and three products, which are in or entering Phase 3 clinical trials for the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis, fungal infections, including vaginal candidiasis, and congenital ichthyosis.
Ammonium lactate cream is a prescription product used for the treatment of dry, scaly skin (xerosis) and ichthyosis vulgaris and for temporary relief of itching associated with these conditions.
During 2004, the FDA granted Liarozole Orphan Drug Status for the treatment of congenital ichthyosis.