Iconostasis


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Iconostasis

 

in a Russian Orthodox church, a partition with icons that divides the main part of the interior from the altar. Previously, the interior was divided by a low altar fence with icons placed above it. The iconostasis has been known in its most developed form (high iconostasis) since the beginning of the 15th century. An example is the iconostasis of the Blagovesh-chenskii Cathedral (the Kremlin, Moscow, 1405; with icons by Theophanes the Greek, Andrei Rublev, and Prokhor from Goro-dets).

A strict religious hierarchy of subjects determines the overall composition of an iconostasis. At the bottom is a row of local icons. Above them are the Deesis register, the festivals register, and the prophets register. This hierarchy is emphasized by the height of each row and the proportions of the individual icons. The rhythm, color structure, and symmetrical arrangement of the icons also are expressions of the hierarchical composition.

The paintings of an iconostasis and the wooden frame with gilded fretwork, which was particularly magnificent in the 17th century, form an artistic whole. Several iconostases of the 18th and early 19th century were constructed in the form of triumphal arches with wooden statues and served as exultant entrances to the altar (for example, the iconostasis of the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul in Leningrad, wood, 1722–27; engraving by T. Ivanov and I. Telega, based on a drawing by I. Zarudnyi).

REFERENCES

Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo. Moscow, 1970. Pages 29–72.
Lazarev, V. N. Russkaia srednevekovaia zhivopis’. Moscow, 1970. Pages128–39.

iconostasis

A screen in a Greek Orthodox church, on which icons are placed, separating the chancel from the space open to the laity.
References in periodicals archive ?
When the Orthodox enters the church he offers a candle to the icon on the proskynetarion, kisses it, proceeds to the wonder-working icon, if the church has one, and to the lower icons of the iconostasis, where one finds the most ancient and often miraculous icons.
Wearing balaclavas and brightly colored dresses, they sneaked onto the area in front of the iconostasis - a screen that separates the sanctuary from the rest of the church - where they danced and shouted the words to their song, "Virgin Mary, Get Putin Out.
The large size of the icon, depicting Mary with the holy child cradled against her left arm, suggests that it was intended either for a church iconostasis (icon screen) or for the exterior of an edifice such as a city gate.
She is virtually a universal artist - specialising in paintings, sculptures, iconostasis, tapestries, murals, glass casting and stained glass.
The beautiful Church of the Assumption, complete with baroque features and iconostasis, the old Synagogue and the Greek School, built in 1780, are all worth a look.
Teodorovic's (1767-1826) commission for the iconostasis of the
This is mainly shown by the introduction, in the interior of the shrine, of the iconostasis with a row of icons showing, as it was in the former main Gothic alter of the church, the history of the life of Christ on Earth (Fig.
Fortunately, nobody was injured and thanks to the residents of the nearby villages and the firefighting brigades, the symbol of Sveti Jovan Bigorski, the iconostasis of the 19th century, was saved.
The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels were removed, and many of the mosaics were eventually plastered over.
Its iconostasis, being 10 meters long and 6 meters high and representing by its beauty a genuine masterpiece, was finished in 1824.
To give just one very striking example here: in Pavel Florensky's study Iconostasis, he writes that the iconostasis (the screen holding icons, which stands in the Russian Orthodox church, interposed between the worshippers in the nave and the altar in the sanctuary), makes it possible to see mystery by blocking the view of the altar.
On entering an Orthodox church, the eye is caught by the iconostasis that separates the nave from the sanctuary--symbolically, earth from heaven.