Nevertheless, we decided to use lapilli otoliths to estimate smallmouth buffalo ages because: (1) unlike other fish families, Catostomids have relatively large lapilli otoliths (Beckman and Howlett, 2013), and (2) while not validated, lapilli otoliths have been used to estimate ages of the closelv related black buffalo (Ictiobus
niger [Rafmesque])(Paukert and Long, 1999).
Most of the 26 cases (58 percent) followed the consumption of cooked buffalo fish, Ictiobus
cyprinellus, (n = 15) in California (n = 11), Missouri (n = 2), Texas (n = 2), and New York (n = 2) (Figure).
In the White River, the Blue Sucker is a rare member of the sucker community which is dominated numerically and by weight by redhorse suckers (Moxostoma spp.), buffalo fishes (Ictiobus
spp.), and carpsuckers (Carpiodes spp.).
sucetta Intestine Valid macrorchis Christensen & Calentine, 1983 Proteocephalus Amphiuma Intestine Valid Alternans Riser, 1942 tridactylum Acanthocephala Neoechinorhynchus Ictiobus
Intestine Valid strigosus Van, bubalus Cleave 1949
velifer, 347 smallmouth buffalo Ictiobus
bubalus, 297 channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus, and 262 flathead catfish Pylodictus olivaris.
Riverine fishes that were never recorded from the Albuquerque and Belen valleys but potentially ranged upstream prior to construction of dams and desiccation of the river include the alligator gar (Atractosteus spatula), spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus), ghost shiner (Notropis buchanani), black buffalo (Ictiobus
niger), and Mexican redhorse (Moxostoma austrinum).
Specimens of Carpiodes and Ictiobus
were likely examined and reidentified many years ago by Carl L.
bubalus.--The smallmouth buffalo is abundant in the eastern United States.
Several, e.g., Polyodon spathula or Ictiobus
niger are large-bodied adult fish and difficult to capture with a seine, Amia calva, Hybognathus nuchalis, or Phoxinus erythrogaster have a limited distribution, Notropis ortenburgeri or Noturus miurus occur in small numbers, Erimyzon oblongus, Etheostoma microperca, or Lythrurus fumeus are only in specific habitat types, and two were subspecies of Etheostoma spectabile and Luxilus chrysocephalus.
The other nine species collected were Erimyzon oblongus, Ictiobus
Fish communities in both lakes are composed of carp, black crappie, yellow perch, bluegill, orangespotted sunfish, smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu, walleye Sander vitreus, bigmouth buffalo Ictiobus
cyprinellus, black bullhead Ameiurus melas, channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus, green sunfish Lepomis cyanellus, northern pike Esox lucius, spottail shiner Notropis hudsonius, white bass Morone chrysops, and white sucker Catostomus commersonii.
This species is also in direct competition with bigmouth buffalo (Ictiobus
cyprinellus), gizzard shad (Dorosoma cepedianum), all larval and juvenile fishes, and native mussels.